How to buy essay cheap with no worries -
Help Me Write A Business Plan • Buying papers online
burn homework com Get via App Store Read this post in our app! Suicide Burn rocket problem [closed] THIS IS NOT HOMEWORK. I'm actually in Physics I atm, and my business am an avid player of Kerbal Space Program. I hope to do my CS masters thesis several years from now on something space related. But none of that matters. You're in a rocket, and one moment ago you were orbiting a nice moon (no atmosphere), magically all your horizontal velocity is gone and decision making process nursing you are now falling directly towards the moon at help me write my business, the rate of essay g (which is technically a function of altitude). Your rocket magically points straight up (with the engine pointing down) for you, at some point you know you want to fire the me write plan, engine so you can land within some acceptable threshold so your ship doesn't explode on in the essay, impact killing you. But, you have no idea how much fuel you have, so you want to use the least amount of help me write my business fuel possible, and you're smart enough to know that the longer you spend above the planet, the dissertations, more fuel you're going to waste, so you want to start burning at the last second, leaving just enough time for my business plan, you to get your downward velocity within that near zero margin so you don't die. This is known as a suicide burn. Problem is, the moment you start burning (let's assume you either burn 100% or 0%), you immediately start increasing the time you spend above the planet, which changes when you should have started.
Let's also assume that your ship has a max thrust, which is greater than g but definitely not infinite. So to be clear, we're looking for a time to start burning such that you land no harder than x m/s. My question is, how would I approach such a problem? I asked my physics professor this question and he said he'd think on catcher in the rye language essay, it so I decided to ask the Internet, thanks! closed as off-topic by ACuriousMind #9830; , Kyle Oman, Kyle Kanos, yuggib, Qmechanic #9830; Jun 26 '15 at 11:38. This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to help my business plan, close gave this specific reason: Homework-like questions should ask about a specific physics concept and show some effort to work through the problem. We want our questions to thesis paper, be useful to the broader community, and to future users. Help My Business! See our meta site for more guidance on how to edit your question to make it better ACuriousMind, Kyle Oman, Kyle Kanos, yuggib, Qmechanic If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question. About Written By A Filipino! I will will assume that you fall perfectly vertical and that the celestial body does not rotate.
If you assume that the mass of the rocket stays constant, then you can find when to start with the suicide burn using time reversal. Namely you start st the surface with your desired final velocity, $v_f$, and thrust upwards until your (specific) orbital energy matches that of help my business your current trajectory. You can simulate this as a function of time, however in this case it will be easier to use conservation of energy, where $mu$ is the gravitational parameter of the celestial body, $R_f$ the final radius (of the surface) relative to the center of mass of the celestial body, $h$ the altitude above the surface at which you have to start the suicide burn, $F$ the amount of thrust the rocket can provide, $m$ the help my business, mass of the rocket, $v_i$ the initial velocity of the me write plan, rocket and $R_i$ the initial radius of the rocket relative to the center of mass of the decision nursing essay, celestial body. Help Plan! In order to find the time, $T$, it takes to perform this burn you will have to mba essays, calculate the integral, however there is no general solution for this, so it will have to be calculated numerically. The used $Delta v$ can be found with $Delta v = frac T$. If you do want to take into account the variable mass of the rocket then you can also use time reversal and start at me write my business plan, your final radius and catcher in the velocity and go back in time, until your specific orbital energy matched that of your initial trajectory. For this you will have to initially guess what your final mass will be, such that at the start of your burn your total mass is equal to $m$. There's an accepted answer; I don't quite like it, so I'll take a whack.
Suppose that the start, you don't quite know the empty mass of the help me write my business, vehicle, the quantity of fuel in the fuel tanks, the specific impulse, or the mass flow rate. (The empty mass of the vehicle had better be a very good estimate. Otherwise we're toast.) The space has a radar altimeter that measures range and range rate. These measurements are of course, lies. They are noisy, and they might be biased. This means we need a Kalman filter that can, over time, improve our knowledge of vehicle mass, fuel mass, mass flow rate, specific impulse, height, and velocity. In The Essay! This Kalman filter is the core of the help me write plan, spacecraft's navigation system. It only updates vehicle mass, fuel mass, mass flow rate, specific impulse when the vehicle is firing its thrusters. It updates height and write support dissertations velocity all of the me write my business plan, time. We also need a guidance system.
The optimal control in thesis, this case is a bang-bang control. Help Me Write! The vehicle falls ballistically for a bit (engines off), and then ignites the engines. About Written By A! The engines then fire continuously until the vehicle touches down at me write my business, zero relative velocity. Off, on, off. Essay About By A Filipino! Bang-bang. How to help plan, tell where that magical point in time is support dissertations where the thrusters change from off to on? Simple: We need a propagator. Propagate forward in time assuming the help me write plan, thrusters are turned on now, and remain on until the nursing thesis, vehicle hits the help me write my business, ground or comes to a stop with respect to the ground. Support Dissertations! The differential equations are easy to write: No realistic control system uses a pure optimal control.
Optimal control leaves no room for errors, and you always need room for errors. The sensors lie, the me write plan, Kalman filter lies, everything lies. We need a deadband. In this case, the my business, deadband is given by the velocity that the vehicle and its contents (including the humans) can tolerate on contact with the ground. Help Me Write My Business Plan! If the vehicle is firing its thrusters all the way to the ground, but the velocity at ground contact less then this limit at the point of ground contact, that's okay. If the vehicle reaches zero velocity at some point above the ground and nursing paper then falls ballistically and hits with a velocity less than this limit, that's also okay.
There are two cases where this is not okay. One case occurs when the vehicle has to fire its thrusters all the way down to the ground and the velocity at ground contact is too high. That's crash and burn mode. Not good. The other case occurs when the zero relative velocity point is too far above the ground. Addressing that is simple: Don't start firing yet. Just stay in me write my business plan, ballistic mode.
We need to dissertations, temper the deadband a bit based on the uncertainties in the estimates of dry vehicle mass, fuel mass, mass flow rate, specific impulse, height, and velocity. When we start, we want an overly high estimate of fuel mass and overly low estimates of specific impulse and help me write my business plan mass flow rate. This will force the guidance and control system to support, start firing a bit earlier than it optimally should. (Starting the burn late is not a good option. That results in crash and burn mode.) The filter will shortly arrive at better estimates of the masses, flow rate, and specific impulse. Help Me Write My Business Plan! The guidance and control will make the vehicle (temporarily) stop firing.
Rinse and repeat, but always be a bit on the conservative side. It's better to fire a bit early and waste some fuel than it is to fire late and enter crash and burn mode.
Write my essay for me with Professional Academic Writers -
What Can Help Me Write a Business Plan? | Bplans
sample essay on math Using Writing In Mathematics. This strand provides a developmental model for incorporating writing into a math class. Help Me Write My Business Plan! The strand includes specific suggestions for support dissertations, managing journals, developing prompts for writing, and help my business plan providing students with feedback on their writing. In addition, the site includes two sample lessons for introducing students to important ideas related to writing about nursing thesis paper, their mathematical thinking. paper and me write plan pencil. Teaching Strategies For Incorporating Writing Into Math Class: Moving From Open-Ended Questions To Math Concepts. Starting Out Gently with Affective, Open-Ended Prompts. Writing about thinking is challenging.
For this reason, it's best not to start out rye language essay having students write about unfamiliar mathematical ideas. Help Me Write My Business! First get them used to writing in help my business a math class: Begin with affective, open-ended questions about students' feelings. Sample Direction #1 : Reflect on your participation in class today and me write plan complete the following statements: I learned that I. Nursing Thesis Paper! I was surprised that I. Help Me Write My Business! I noticed that I. Decision Making Nursing! I discovered that I. I was pleased that I. Sample Direction #2 : Describe how you feel about solving _________ problem. Have students write a mathography-a paragraph or so in which they describe their feelings about and help experiences in math, both in and out of school. (This is a good tool to get to know students early in the year, and to make comparisons later when looking for signs of progress.) (see Mathography Prompts ) Find ways to keep students writing for the allotted time: Encourage students to help me write keep their pencils moving. Try requiring 20 words per answer, even if they have to copy the same words again to reach 20. Use a timer.
Ask students to keep writing until they hear the timer go off, to encourage them to help me write my business write for mba essays, the entire time and to discourage clock-watchers. Help Plan! Start by about love written by a giving them two minutes to help plan write, and work up to me write my business five or ten minutes at a time. Next Step: Getting Students to Write about Familiar Mathematical Ideas. 1. Once your students have become accustomed to writing about their attitudes and feelings toward mathematics in their journals, they are ready to write about simple, familiar math concepts. Me Write My Business! It is important not to make the writing too difficult by asking them to write about unfamiliar math ideas. Using writing to review familiar math ideas will increase confidence and skill in love by a writing as well as revisit important math concepts. Explain in your own words what subtraction means. Explain what is most important to understand about fractions.
2. Use student writing samples to help them refine their writing. (Note: Let them write for a while before discussing examples, so their initial ideas will be their own.) 3. Plan! Introduce the term metacognition to help students understand the reason and audience for their writing. Moving On: Writing About More Advanced Math Concepts. When you feel your students are ready, ask them to nursing write about my business plan, more complex mathematical ideas, including concepts being taught at making process nursing essay their current grade level. To help you move your students into this more advanced level of writing about their thinking. Here are some other suggestions to help you: 1. Help! Encourage your students to use drawings and catcher in the rye language graphs to explain their thinking. Research shows that using simple visual aids (diagrams, graphs, etc.) improves mathematical problem-solving ability, especially in female students.
2. As student writing progresses, ask students to help me write my business write about their small group work. Ask the ut austin, group to write a summary of help me write my business how they reached a solution, including any false starts or dead ends. Ask each individual to write an explanation of the group's work on by a filipino, a problem. Me Write! Have the small groups discuss the individual explanations. After a small group assignment, have students explain and illustrate two different approaches to catcher rye language solving a problem.
Getting Started with Two Lesson Plans. Lesson Plan #1: Metacognition- Teaching Students to Think About Their Thinking. Overview: The purpose of this lesson is to help my business plan help students begin to understand how to communicate their thinking. Strategy: Introduce the ut austin, term metacognition and lead students through exercises that illustrate the concept of thinking about thinking. Time Needed : 15-25 minutes, depending on amount of student interaction/participation. Materials Needed: Overhead projector, pens for overhead, writing journals. 1. Me Write! Introduce metacognition by mba essays writing it on the overhead and explaining what it means. Get students to say the word aloud a few times to make it less intimidating. Then you might tell a story about me write my business, research in how the human brain works. 2. Tell students that the more attention we pay to our thinking, the more we'll come to understand about the process of thinking. Although we're used to just being concerned about the results or the answers, if we pay more attention to mba essays how we think, it would help us to help think more clearly, and improve the quality of our results.
3. As a non-threatening exercise to illustrate metacognition, ask students how they decided what to wear that day. Nursing Thesis! Ask three or four students to share their answers out loud. Students will most likely give simple answers like, I just wore what I wore, unaware of help me write their unconscious decision-making process. 4. Mba Essays! If no students mention weather, style issues, etc., as part of their thought process, give prompts to stimulate discussion such as: Did you consider style, weather, what your friends might wear, what you wore yesterday? Ask students what other things could be considered when choosing what to wear. 5. List their ideas on help my business, the overhead. Me Write My Business! You might also list your own considerations for choosing clothing that day. Teacher Note : Point out me write plan several times during the discussion that the ut austin mba essays, students are using metacognition-that they are thinking about plan, their thinking.
6. Have them list in their journals the considerations they used when deciding on their clothes that day. Ask them to write, I used metacognition when thinking up this list, to reinforce their understanding of the term. 7. If you want to carry the lesson further, you could have students analyze their choice in clothes for the day. Had they made the making process essay, best choice? List reasons why/why not and relate to their original list of help plan considerations. Do they wish they had thought differently when choosing their clothes for this day? End Result of Lesson : Students will have a beginning concept to use in their discussions/writings about their math answers; and you, as a teacher, have the clothing example to return to write support many times as an help example of metacognition they can then apply to math. One Teacher's Experience with a Metacognition Lesson.
After reading many math journal entries, it was clear that students did not write details of how they arrived at their answers or conclusions. Few wrote more than one or two general statements. I had been in a group of secondary teachers chosen from the district to develop Higher Level Thinking Skills. The term metacognition was used frequently and promoted as a goal for student understanding and use. Catcher In The Rye Language! I decided to use this term with the sixth grade students to see if it would help them write in more detail about what they were thinking when they solved their math problems or when they wrote about their ideas. I told them I would share a big and intellectual word with them as I felt they were ready for such a word. Help My Business Plan! At first they were going to dismiss the word right away; one student said it wasn't even a word. We played around with saying the word and talking about how humans think. I defined the word as thinking about thinking. I chose a common, everyday task that all of us participate in: choosing what to wear.
When I asked them how they decided what they wore that day, there was a suspended moment of ut austin mba essays silence. It seemed a pretty dumb question. A few just said they wore what they wore. This was a perfect beginning as it was the me write my business, same kind of response they were giving as to thesis how they were getting their math answers. I told them how I decided what I wore that day. First I checked the weather in the paper and by looking outside. Several agreed that they did this as well.
I had to decide between wearing a dress/skirt or pants since either one could make a difference in accessories, in comfort, and in me write the impression I wish to give. Most of the ut austin mba essays, girls related to this one. I had to be sure what I wanted to wear was clean and ironed. They laughed at this one. They told stories about clothes they had wanted to wear only to find them under their bed, dirty and wrinkled. The ironing part puzzled them. They claimed no one ironed clothes any more. I had to help me write check to see if I had shoes that went with the possible outfit. I thought about what I had worn recently as I usually don't wear the in the essay, same clothes in the same week. I thought about the color I felt like wearing.
I thought about the activities I would be doing that day both at school and after school. Each new consideration brought out comments from them. Depending on how long I wanted the lesson to go, I could expand on each or just mention it and go on. After this discussion, it was clear to students that their thinking process is richer than they first suspected. It was a good lesson for showing details of the thinking process of which we aren't conscious. I could now explain how the same is help me write true of a mathematical thinking process. Throughout the lesson I pointed out the times when they were thinking about how they thought, and we would say or shout I am using metacognition. For their journal entry they wrote about how they chose their outfit. At the end of the entry they were to write I used metacognition in writing this list.
It might have been a good extension to have asked them to analyze their decision. After wearing their clothes for about love written filipino, most of the day, had they made a good decision? Why or why not? Do they wish they had thought differently when they chose their clothes? With this lesson students have the beginning understanding of a concept we can use in discussions/writings about their math answers. We returned to this exercise many times: Remember how we saw all the different thinking that went into choosing our clothes? Remember how we had to probe to see how our minds worked in coming up with that decision? Now we need to do the same kind of thinking about help me write my business plan, thinking in coming up with an answer to process nursing this problem. This lesson gave students an accessible example of the kind of details we want in me write their journal entries. Lesson Plan #2: Peer Evaluation of Journal Entries.
Overview: The purpose of this lesson is to love by a filipino help students refine their thinking about thinking by analyzing many different written responses to my business the same writing prompt. Strategy: Compare student journal responses to the same math question. Evaluate and discuss with students which examples do or do not clearly illustrate the thinking process. Time Needed: 15-25 minutes, depending on amount of student interaction. Materials Needed : Overhead projector; pens for nursing thesis paper, the overhead; student writing journals; a copy of the me write, original math question on a transparency; copies of in the rye language essay four to me write eight student answers from their journals, each on a separate transparency (to give you a variety of answers to choose from during the nursing thesis, lesson). Using separate transparencies will allow you to add students' comments from the discussion. Make sure the information on the transparencies is written in large print with adequate spacing so students can read easily. Before Class : Review recently-asked math questions and journal responses. Help! Choose a question whose student answers vary markedly in terms of how much detail about their thinking is shown. Essay About Written Filipino! Select four to eight student answers, some of which show detail and some that are in the realm of I just knew.
Do not put student names on the samples. If you are doing this exercise in more than one class, it is good to use samples from the other class in each group because students will typically be more objective about another class's work. This means you will need at least two sample answer overheads. 1. Tell students they are going to help me write my business analyze how students in process nursing X class (or their own class) are showing their use of metacognition. (Keep using this word. Have a student tell what it means each time you use it for the first time in me write plan the day.) To get them interested, you might set up a pretend lab in which they are researchers, or pretend they are creatures from another planet, trying to understand how students think. About Love By A! Tell them they will be looking at a couple of help plan sample answers to see how successful they are in showing this thinking process. 2. Show the original question on the overhead. Leave it showing throughout the lesson. 3. Show one student journal entry on the overhead below the help, original question.
Have someone read it out help me write loud. 4. Ask what parts of the answer were valuable in showing how that student was thinking. Underline or circle such parts if you wish. Let students comment as thoroughly as possible. Ask what else the catcher in the rye language essay, author might have written so they could better understand his/her thinking. Write these additions on me write my business, the overhead. 5. After doing this exercise with one or two examples that do show some thinking, use an example that shows no thinking about thinking whatsoever. 6. Nursing Thesis! Depending on how discussion is my business going, choose remaining examples to enhance discussion or stop after three or four. 7. At the end of discussion, have students write in their journals about the kind of answers that showed metacognition, to plan allow them to reflect on the lesson. They can also write about their feelings as they tried to understand the other students' thinking based on their answers. One Teacher's Experience with Peer Evaluation of Journal Entries Lesson.
It is a challenge to my business plan get students to write details about their thinking. Although I saw improvement after the metacognition lesson, more detail was needed in their answers. In my English classes we do peer editing which lets students see what and how others write and gives them a chance to be critical readers. I varied this for the sixth grade math class. I looked at one math question the class had recently completed and chose answers from eight different student journals. Thesis! Some showed good detail and explanation, some showed little or none. Leaving their names off, I wrote each student entry on a separate overhead so as to leave room for student comments (e.g., if they wanted to change or add words, sentences, etc., during class discussion). I told them to think of themselves as the researchers in my business this project. These researchers were adults who did not know how sixth graders thought about math problems.
The researchers were interested in being better math teachers. In order to do so they were trying to learn where students had no trouble with the math and essay love written by a where they needed help. Students liked this role. The journal assignment had asked students to look at me write my business plan several problems they had solved using bean salads. They had created salads using different ratios of three kinds of beans. Students had worked in small groups and had bowls of in the essay actual dried beans that they could use while figuring out the ratios. My Business! They were asked which salad was the easiest to make and why and which salad was the most difficult and why. We looked at an entry that had four sentences.
It was one of the better answers. Students pointed out how the writer used details and process nursing how they could understand what the help my business, writer meant. Thesis Paper! They also point out how the plan, writer could have improved what s/he wrote so that it would be even clearer. We all agreed it was an adequate answer. The next entry was Number 1 was easy because it just was. This caused some laughter as students recognized that they had written answers like this. Dissertations! They understood it gave no information about help, how the writer was thinking. The students agreed that problem number 1 was definitely the easiest, but then they discussed why and came up with some better answers which we wrote down.
Another student had written, Working with the beans is easier than working on paper. This was an important observation that spurred a class discussion about support, how working with concrete objects like beans made it easier to understand an abstract idea. Another student wrote, It is frustrating when your brain says one thing and your hand does another. There were immediate nods of agreement on this one. Again, a nice moment of sharing feelings we have all had when trying to solve a problem. Students were very interested in this lesson. Even the me write, students whose answers I used were not concerned that theirs were shown. The additions and comments were made in a professional manner with students taking their job seriously. This lesson showed students what others were writing.
It showed students how to add more detail and expand on their answers so others could know how they were thinking. At the end of the discussion have students write in their journals. Since all students had written on this journal question, they could copy their original answer and then write an dissertations improved version; they could write about the kind of answers discussed in class that showed metacognition; or they could copy one of the plan, answers and add detail to it. Students were positive about this exercise and gained further understanding about writing their answers. This kind of thesis paper peer evaluation exercise should be done regularly. As the journal questions get more difficult, students' learning will benefit from help plan seeing other student answers-examples that show there are many possible approaches to solving a problem. Writing Opportunities in Math Class. How and nursing paper When to Use Journal Writing. 1. When new material has been introduced. Ask students to write definitions or explanations of a term that's critical to the day's lesson.
Sample Direction : Explain in your own words the meaning of the me write plan, term ____________. 2. When the class looks disengaged or confused. Ask students to write an explanation of something you were doing or a term you used. Have them share journal entries aloud, and redirect the lesson accordingly. Sample Direction : Write down two questions you have about the work you are doing/the lesson we're working on. 3. When collaboration with fellow students is appropriate.
Have students form small groups and nursing thesis work together to solve a problem on paper. This will get them to talk to help each other-to ask questions and give explanations-all with the common goal of solving the problem. 4. When teaching the value of me write revising their work. Occasionally ask students to pick a journal entry and revise it. This helps emphasize that journal writing is an initial effort that can be rethought and improved upon-the end product is less important than the help my business, process. Sample Direction : Review the last three entries in your journal. Select one to revise. Process Nursing! Specific suggestions might include, Write a clearer explanation, or Draw a picture to express your idea in this journal entry. Sample Journal Questions/Writing Prompts. Writing prompts can take many different forms. We have found that students respond best when the prompt is clear and can be approached in different ways.
We recommend prompts that do the following: 1. Help My Business! Pinpoint a confusing or easily misunderstood mathematical idea. For Example : Do 0.2 and 0.020 equal the same fraction? Explain your answer. Many students have difficulty with place value when they begin to study decimals. Write Dissertations! In our work, students' written answers to help my business this prompt clearly revealed uncertainties. As one student responded: The zeroes don't matter, so .2 equals .2. This student does not appear to have a good understanding of essay about love written by a filipino place value, having over generalized the hint to ignore certain zeroes. Another student drew two grids in response to this prompt. Help Me Write My Business! In one grid she colored in two rows of tenths and in nursing thesis the other grid she colored in two hundredths. She concluded that 0.2 was way more than 0.020.
Her answer reveals a good understanding of the relationship between tenths and me write hundredths. 2. Can be solved using different strategies. For Example : Allison's team won 8 out of 10 games. Jennifer's team won 15 out of 18 games. Whose team won a greater fraction of support dissertations its games? Explain your answer. Students used different strategies to approach this problem . One student found a least common denominator and then compared the two teams' performance. Me Write Plan! A second student drew two rectangles, dividing one into 18 parts and the other into 10 parts. He then colored in 15 and 8 parts, respectively, of each rectangle.
The student did not know how to proceed, but he did show a good understanding of by a how fractions could represent the win/loss records of the my business plan, two teams. 3. Encourage students to compare two different answers to the same problem. Who is correct? The problem: Which fraction is biggest? 1/3 or 2/5? Jamar's solution: 2/5 is bigger because 15 is the LCD and 1/3 equals 5/15.
2/5 equals 6/15. So 2/5 is help me write my business biggest. Bill's solution: I used the calculator. I made them decimals and then compared the decimals. For 1.3, I divided 1 into me write my business plan, 3 and in the essay got 3.0. Then I divided 2 into 5 to get 2.2. 3.0 is bigger than 2.2, so 1/3 is biggest.
This prompt encourages students to me write my business plan consider two very different approaches to nursing thesis the same problem: the least common denominator (LCD) method taught in the text and a calculator. The two offered solutions also model fairly clear explanations. In this case a correct and an incorrect solution are offered. Help My Business Plan! As students become more skilled at comparing two responses the differences between the solutions can be more subtle. For example, two correct answers could be offered with one having a more elegant solution than the other. Managing Math Journals: Helpful Tips. 1. Provide students with thin, inexpensive journals. College blue books work well: Students feel important using college materials, and ut austin additional books can be stapled on as students fill them up.
2. Keep journals in class. Collect math journals each day so as not to me write lose them. 3. Decide whether you want students to decorate their journals, or reserve them for writing only. 4. Thesis Paper! Decide on a system for identifying journal entries. Help My Business! Rather than having students take time to copy the writing prompt, have them number or date the catcher essay, entries. 5. Develop system for distributing and collecting journals each day. Help Me Write My Business! So as not to interrupt class instruction, have a second adult distribute and collect journals, or choose a journal student who attends class regularly to do so.
6. Use a timer for love, some journal assignments. This will help keep students writing. Me Write My Business! Using clear time limits for writing makes the assignment seem more scientific, more important to students. Encouraging Students as They Write. 1. Be patient. It will take time for nursing thesis paper, students to get comfortable with writing about my business, their thinking. 2. Tell students you understand how new and me write my business different this is for them. Remind them that there are no wrong answers in writing about me write my business plan, thinking. 3. Making Nursing Essay! If students indicate they have no more to me write my business say:
Read over what they've written. Ask questions such as: What other questions do you have about this topic that you haven't written about? or What's another way this could have been said? Have them copy what they've written, so they'll get the idea that they are to thesis write for me write, the whole time given. (Often, they'll get bored with copying and begin writing something new.) 4. Ask students to choose a journal entry to revise. Some students will use this revision exercise to rethink math ideas; others will work on writing more clearly. Whatever their focus, revision tells students their thoughts are important and worth developing. 5. Provide feedback. Let students know you took time to read their journals. You won't have time for in-depth comments on each journal for decision making process nursing, every assignment, so try other kinds of feedback, too: Stars Stickers Smiley Faces.
Put stars by sentences that helped you see their thinking. 6. Clearly communicate to students the purpose of writing in math class. Teach them the help me write my business plan, term metacognition-thinking about thinking-and explain how their writing helps teachers to understand how students think. Other purposes of writing: Writing is a concrete way to show students' thinking that they can look at and think about. Becoming more aware of their thinking process will improve their communication skills, their ability to convey ideas. 7. Essay Love Written By A Filipino! Use students' writing samples to help them refine their writing. Have the class analyze which answers helped readers understand the person's thinking. Here are some ideas for prompts to me write my business get students to write a mathography-a sort of autobiography of their history with mathematics: 1. Write down some of the early math accomplishments that you remember from when you were little. For instance, when and catcher rye language how did you learn to my business plan count? How old were you when you could first count to about filipino one hundred?
Who taught you? How did they teach you? Did you show off this new talent to others? 2. When you were in help my business first, second, or third grade what did you like about math? What didn't you like about math at that time? 3. What do you remember about learning to add and to subtract? Which did you think was more fun?
Why did you like that one better? 4. What was your teacher's name in first, second, or third grade? _______________ What kind of teacher was he or she in regard to teaching mathematics? 5. Did you have any tricks you used to remember adding or subtracting? 6. In what ways is adding and subtracting important? 7. Was math ever your favorite subject? ______ If so, when was it? What about math made it your favorite? If math has never been your favorite subject, what about it do you not like? 8. Ut Austin! From your experience, do you think boys or girls tend to like math better? What makes you think this? 9. Plan! Sometimes a teacher, grown up, or an older child can help you like or understand math better.
Did that ever happen to you? If so, tell about it. If not, tell about how that would have made a difference for you. 10. Essay About Written Filipino! Sometimes people can recognize a time when their opinion of my business plan math dramatically changed either for the better or the worse. Catcher Rye Language! If such a time happened for help plan, you or for a friend of yours, tell about it. Making Nursing Essay! If you did not experience such a thing, tell about help my business plan, your steady feelings about mathematics. 11. Lots of times students think what they learn in math is only for nursing essay, the classroom and is really not of much use outside math class. Think about times you have used something you learned in math in your life outside math class.
List some of those times when you used math outside of school. 12. Help! What year in school was math the best for you? ________ What made it a good year in my business terms of math? 13. What year in school was math one of the worst for you? ________ What made it a bad year in terms of math? 14. If you were in me write my business a lengthy conversation about math or math class with friends of about love written by a yours, what would be some of the things you would say? What would be some of the my business plan, things they would say? 15. Write! Draw a picture of you and the idea of mathematics. 16.
Draw a picture of all you know about mathematics.
Write My Paper -
Help Me Write A Business Plan • Buying papers online
35 Free Microsoft Word Resume Templates That#39;ll Land You the Job. When it comes to resumes, every professional knows that the template and how work is presented is just as important as the me write my business plan skills and experience that the resume itself spells out. Trying to design a resume from scratch can be a challenge, especially with very few design skills. Need a little help? Check out these 35 free (yes, FREE!) Microsoft Word resume templates that you can easily download to your computer, edit to include your experience, and hand in with your next job application. No recruiter or hiring manager will be able to write support, say no. Want a basic resume to get yourself started? This is a great one for inputting your objective statement, experience, and help plan skills. Download. What makes this resume template great is rye language essay that it has a little color but it’s also perfect for any industry.
Download. 3. The Chronological Resume Template. Want a resume that makes it easy to put your jobs in chronological order and send it off? This is the help plan straightforward template you’re searching for. Download.
4. Another Traditional Resume Template. Love Written By A? Want to spruce up your resume within changing too much of the formatting? Try putting either your headings or subheadings in a different font. Download. This black header will stand out help me write my business plan amongst a sea of white resumes.
Download. Nursing Thesis Paper? This resume layout is actually optimized for applicant tracking systems, so you’ll be able to pop in keywords for the position you’re applying for me write my business, and get yourself to the next round. Ut Austin Mba Essays? Download. Adding in colorful lines to your subheadings or your personal logo can add special touches to help me write my business plan, your resume without taking away from the content. Download. Catcher In The Rye Language Essay? Header and footer graphics are an easy way to add more color to your resume and also take up space without being distracting. Download. Help Me Write My Business Plan? If you’re working in a more formal industry, resumes like this one give you the ability to add color while still being professional. Download. 10. Career Objective Resume Template.
This resume is another universal option that’ll help you look great no matter the field you’re applying for opportunities in. Write Support Dissertations? Download. You can add a little color on your resume without making it the color of my business plan a highlighter. Help Me Write My Business Plan? Download. My Business Plan? This resume template is made for professionals whoare further along in their careers and need more space to write about mba essays managerial endeavors. Download. Senior-level professionals can lean on this template to me write my business, both showcase management experience and also their skill sets. Download.
14. My Business Plan? Career Changer Resume Template. Making a career change? This template is great for highlighting overall skills as opposed to positions that may not seem relevant to help, your new industry. Download. Thesis? Technical resumes can be difficult to format, but they don’t have to be impossible. Download.
Elle Woods isn’t the only one with a pink resume; if you work in an industry where creativity and color can get you a long way, why not try it? Download. You can use visuals to show your expertise, which might come in handy when you’re applying for jobs where you need to flaunt what you’ve got. Download. 18. Creative Peach Resume Template. Adding a few icons can be a nice touch to a resume, especially one for help my business, creative or design positions. Download. Ut Austin? Want a more minimalistic resume design but don’t have a ton of experience to show? This template makes your resume look a little more chic. Download.
Pastels are your thing? Then you’ve found your perfect resume. Download. Feeling bold? Submit a black resume and see what happens. Download. Want to add a longer profile about yourself to your resume?
This template lets you do it. Download. 23. Plain, but Trendy Resume Template. This resume is called “plain but trendy,” and it’ll make you look put together. Download. A little splash of bright green color can’t hurt, especially if you’re applying to more creative positions.
Download. If you’re applying to jobs where showing off your personality more is an asset, this resume template could do the trick in landing you that perfect gig. Me Write My Business Plan? Download. This resume is colorful, straightforward, and easy to read. What’s not to love? Download. 27. Unconventional Resume Template. You’ll wake up a drowsy recruiter with this red and essay written black template.
Download. Me Write My Business? Feeling blue? A hiring manager sure won’t after checking out this resume template. Making Process Essay? Download. Don’t let this simplistic resume fool you; it can help you go far in your job search. Download. Help Me Write? 30. Splash of Blue Resume Template. This template flips the typical resume setup on its head, which could work in your favor during the nursing thesis application process.
Download. The color’s a little unorthodox, but now’s not the time to my business plan, bore recruiters. Download. This resume is so cool, recruiters will be stunned with amaze-mint (get it?). Download.
Purple is an unconventional resume choice, but it may serve you well in some professions. Essay? Download. This resume’s surprise is the me write plan pop of color at the bottom. Download. This design’s a little more classic than others but still has an interesting neutral color scheme. Download. Lily Herman is love by a a New York-based writer and editor. Her work has been featured on Forbes, TIME, Newsweek, Mashable, Fast Company, Teen Vogue, ELLE and help me write my business plan more. Follow her on Twitter. Please login or sign up to comment. 4 PowerPoint Features That Will Make You a Better Presenter.
Prezi who?! PowerPoint has still got it. Ut Austin Mba Essays? In 2017, Microsoft added four new features to PowerPoint, giving you similar, if not better features, than Prezi. These 79 Word Shortcuts Will Make You Way More Productive. Here#39;s the most recent list of nearly 100 Microsoft Word Shortcuts that will shave hours off your workday. [Infographic] 80 Essential PowerPoint Shortcuts Every Professional Should Know. Help My Business Plan? To help facilitate your shortcuts#39; knowledge, we#39;re curating the most useful keyboard shortcuts for the most popular office tools, including MicrosoftExcel, Word and PowerPoint. In this post, we focus exclusively on PowerPoint shortcuts. GoSkills - Skills for decision making nursing, career advancement. Advance your career with GoSkills! We help you learn essential business skills to reach your full potential. Help? Learn effectively via bite-sized video tutorials taught by award-winning instructors.
Thank you for choosing to learn with us. Don’t miss out on our best deals! Sign up for our newsletter to essay about by a, get the latest news and specials delivered direct to your inbox. 2017 GoSkills Ltd. Skills for career advancement.
Write my essay -
Who Can Help Me Write My Business Plan — 800172 | Forum
Free Information Technology essays. Context/Background - The central problem for the Internet users is me write my business, how to obtain accurate information for a query in an efficient and fast way. And the most efficient way to solve the ut austin, problem nowadays is help me write my business plan, using the catcher essay, search engine, which is a software system that could search information from the Internet automatically and provide query services for help me write plan, the users. Aims - The first purpose of the project is to implement a search engine, which includes a crawler, an inverted index, a graphical user interface, and a reporting facility. And the second purpose is to essay test which ranking algorithm more satisfies the needs of users in the search engine of the project. Method - The crawler would collect webpages which would be analyzed and stored in the database. According to the information in the database, an inverted index would be built to restore all the information for the efficiency of the me write plan, search engine. Essay? And then the search engine could search the information for my business, users in the inverted index.
For the convenience of the mba essays, users, a graphical user interface is used for users inputting queries and some ranking algorithms are used to satisfy users' needs more quickly. And a reporting facility would help users know what the most users are searching. To test the search engine, the test case of the search engine in plan, the project would be the webpages of 'Durham University'. When it comes to decision essay the second aim, several tests would be made to compare the ranking algorithms to find out the most suitable algorithm. Results ' The search engine would be evaluated using the unique general method which is help plan, based on the traditional famous evaluation method, and the method evaluates the search engine according to the capability, indexing method, indexing results, and user burden. Generally, the search engine is quite a good one from the value of the decision making nursing essay, factors. And the help me write my business plan, differences between PAGERANK and nursing, HITS algorithms are also analyzed that the response time of PAGERANK is less while the HITS is a query-dependence algorithm. So the user would decide the algorithm based on their queries. Conclusion ' In the my business plan, project, a search engine has been made and as a platform, the ranking algorithms PAGERANK and HITS have been compared to let the search engine get the better results. Finally, the factors of evaluation have been brought forward and evaluate the search engine. Keywords ' search engine, crawler, index, database, query, reporting facility, PAGERANK, HITS.
With the rapidly development of the Internet technology, more and more people would like to derive information from the Internet. There are four main characters of the information in the web (Wei, 2005): hugeness, heterogeneity, dynamics, and semi-structured. What is more, the information in the web contains quantities of dynamic hyperlinks. With the features of the information in the web, the most useful tool to search the internet is search engine. In 1994, the earliest search engine 'World Wide Web Worm' indexed about 110 thousand webpages. However, there have been 350 million documents in written by a filipino, the Internet, and the number of documents still increased by 1 million per day (Yibing, 2011).
According to the research by China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) in 2014, 'The 33rd Statistics Report for China Internet Developing Situation', by December in 2013, the number of help me write my business plan, Chinese webpages has been up to 150 billion, up 22.2 percent on last year's same period. However, the Chinese webpages are just the tip of the submerged iceberg. Catcher In The Rye Language? As a result, people could only use the search engines to access the information they want among such a large amount of information. Help My Business Plan? The report also says that by December in 2013, the number of search engine users in essay about love, China has raised to 490 million, up over 38 million on last year's same period, and help me write plan, the increasing rate is 8.5 percent while the use rate of the search engines has been to 79.3 percent. Therefore, how to search the help, useful and valuable information from such a plenty of information has been an important issue in the field of information retrieval and data mining.
B. Search Engine. In the background as shown above, the search engine has been developed and is very popular among the Internet users, and nowadays, the search engine has been one of the most effective tools when it comes to the information retrieval. A search engine is a software system which merges almost every aspect of advanced technology, such as analysis of user behavior, natural language processing, data mining, information retrieval, and robot learning. The search engine would provide query services for the users after it crawls, indexes and plan, ranks the webpages (Shuling, 2011). The query services include webpages, pictures, videos, or other types of documents. It supplies an effective measure for users to search for information and navigation. Nowadays, the search engine seems to be an essential in the life of most people. If the search engine does not exist, it would be hard for people to search the information they want in the Internet.
It would be an catcher awful thing and would lead the internet useless because everyone gets a lot of information but few is actually they want. The basic function of a search engine is to navigate information based on the content of websites and webpages. Help Me Write? It crawls all kinds of resources and information, analyzes them automatically, gets the key words, and builds database using index. The users of a search engine inquire the database in the webpage, and the results would include all the webpages whose content match the query. What is more, the search results would be sorted according to the importance of webpage and matching algorithm of key words (Xuesong, 2008:3). According to 'Knowledge Management' which is written by Jawadekar and Waman (2011), 'a search engine works as the following order: webpage crawling, indexing, and searching'. First of all, automated web crawler which follows every link on the web site would retrieve and store information from the HTML markup of the nursing, webpages. And then the search engine would analyze the contents of webpages to determine which type of information (text, picture') is included, and how to index them. All the information would be stored in me write plan, the index database for the later queries. Once the user inputs the query in the webpage of search engine, the support dissertations, index helps find information matching queries in the database as soon as possible. At the same time, it returns a list of best-matching webpages which contain the title and parts of text according to its criteria.
However, nowadays, the search engine should work in a loop of crawling, indexing, and searching to update the help plan, information in the index. The data from the report of 'The 33rd Statistics Report for China Internet Developing Situation' shows that several most frequent Internet service are communication(86.2 percent), information retrieval(79.3 percent), entertainment(54.7 percent), and commercial trade(48.9 percent). The above data proves that the four Internet services have been the essential part of most people's lives. And because of the specific feature of the search engine, it solves the problems of how to search the valuable and useful information for the users, which is the main reason why people are interested in it, and the search engine become the necessary tool in the people's daily life. C. Ranking Algorithm. In the nursing paper, early age of the search engine technology development, the help plan, users pay more attention to whether the searched results are relevant to the query. As a result, the information could only be classified as relevant or not when it comes to the keywords in the query. Therefore, the searched results would combine as a disordered and Boolean relevant set of decision nursing essay, information. With the development of the plan, search engine technology, there appear the ranking algorithms based on the content of webpages. The algorithm would weigh the webpages by the frequency and position of the keyword of the query in the webpages.
Specifically, if a keyword appears more times, the relevance between the webpage and the query would be higher; and if the position of the keyword is more important, the authority of the webpage is higher. Mba Essays? Therefore, the rank of the webpage in the result set would be higher. Then, the plan, ranking algorithms based on the hyperlinks analysis appear. Help? The kind of algorithms takes the me write my business, methodology of citation analysis in the traditional information index theory, which considers the hyperlinks as the quotation of the webpage, and in the essay, if the times of a webpage is cited more, the authority value would be higher; and if a webpage is quoted by an authority webpage, the authority value of the webpage would be higher, and finally the rank of the webpage would be higher. Nowadays, the famous search engines such as Google take the kind of algorithms.
However, the algorithm only help me write plan, considers the importance and authority of the webpage, but not the essay about love written by a filipino, relevance between the content of webpages and the queries. Therefore, the algorithms have been developed by adding the computation of the topic relevance and several other factors which might influence the ranking. Nowadays, the help my business, ranking algorithms would exert influence on the evaluation of essay, a search engine whether they could put the valuable and help, useful information at ut austin the first of the results list, which is the core problem of the search engines for the users. D. Help Me Write? Purpose of Project. The first purpose of the project is to dissertations implement a search engine, which includes a web crawler which could get all the help plan, resources and information of the webpages, an index which could save data from the crawler, a graphic user interface which is convenient for users to input a query and return the mba essays, result list to the users, and several ranking algorithms which rank the search results. The second purpose of the project is to compare the ranking algorithms PAGERANK and help my business plan, HITS to find their advantages and disadvantages and which ranking algorithm would be more suitable for the search engine in the project. Design a web crawler. Build and maintain an index. Design a GUI (such that a user can pose queries). Implement a basic ranking algorithm (which ranks the search results for a given query).
Implement a well-known ranking algorithm such as PAGERANK. Improve the GUI by allowing more complicated user queries (e.g. using Boolean opereators). Implement a reporting facility that collects all searches perfomed by any user of the decision essay, tool for statistical analysis. Design another well-known ranking algorithm such as HITS and compare it with PAGERANK. Implement a visual representation of the data collected by the reporting facility. A. Development of Search Engine. According to the criterion of help me write my business plan, ranking the results, the search engine could be classified as three generations (Lina et al., 2011). The first generation search engine ranks the results according to the relevance between the webpages and me write my business plan, the queries. And the relevance is computed by weighing and help my business plan, scoring the keywords in the query. The kind of search engines searches the results based on the content of the webpages, generally, there are two methods. The first one classifies the webpages in the different indexes by using the traditional library information management and the users could search the results by searching the indexes.
The most representative search engine is Yahoo and becomes the foundation of other websites of search engines. The second one is based on the match between the content of webpages and the queries. It considers whether the webpages contain the keywords and the position and frequency of the keywords in a webpage to essay about written by a filipino decide if the webpage is relevant with the query or not. The most representative and famous search engine is AltaVista, and help, the relevant technology is adopted by other search engines, and finally developed to be the basic algorithm of the decision making process, search technology. However, the first generation search engines has the obvious drawbacks, the first method promises the relevance, but it is not automatic, as a result, it is not convenient for the users to use the search engine. While the second one uses the keywords in the query, which could be cheated by the spam webpages. To avoid the my business, defects, the second generation search engines are developed. Actually, the second generation search engines scores the importance of the support, webpage by whether it is clicked by the users and how long the users would like to spend in the webpage or the number of the in-hyperlinks in help me write my business plan, the webpage. Ut Austin? Since 1996, the researchers have started to use the method of the hyperlinks which is originated by the method of citation analysis. The citation analysis method is to help me write my business analyze the citation relationship among the literatures and mark and index the literature by quotation language. In the method, if one paper is catcher rye language, cited by more paper, the paper would be more valuable and important.
And if one paper is cited by more important paper, the paper itself would be more important. In the same way, there is similar 'citation' relationship which is called hyperlinks among the webpages. The signification of the hyperlink method is me write, not only just a novel ranking algorithm, but also the algorithm is automatic, as a result, the algorithm allows users to search the big scale of the webpages, at the same time, the nursing essay, algorithm also considers the relevance of the results and the speed of searching. What is also worth noticing is that the algorithms based on the hyperlinks have lots of benefits. However, it is not the help plan, only kind of ranking algorithms in the second generation search engines. There are still many other algorithms based on the hyperlinks adding the analysis of the content of the nursing paper, webpages and some other factors to rank the results.
The third generation is the intelligent search engine, the main character of which is to satisfy the specific needs of the users. Help Plan? In fact, the second generation has been improved in the evaluation factor of precision and catcher essay, recall compared with the first generation and is still the mainstream in help my business, the Internet. However, the algorithms in the second generation have not considered the query, which means that once the query includes many keywords which belong to different fields, the relevance of the results would not satisfy the users. The situation requires the users to have the search skill to get better results. As a result, the search engines need to understand and guess the intention of the users so as to mba essays help the users filter the results. The intelligent search engines shown above are the third generation search engine. Help Plan? Nowadays, there are some search engines which are essentially different with the second search engines. For example, natural language search engine, clustering search engine, semantic search engine and so on. The kind of search engines is in the, generically called the third generation search engine. B. Problem Domain. According to 'Search Engines Information Retrieval in help, Practice' (W.Bruce, 2010), there are three 'big issues' in making essay, the field of information retrieval in the 1960s, and the problems have not been solved nowadays.
The major core problem is relevance, which is me write my business plan, a basic conception of information retrieval. If the index database compares a query with the information in catcher essay, the index simply and returns the exact match, the relevance of the results would not be good enough because different words could express the same meaning, and it is called 'vocabulary mismatch problem' in information retrieval (Furnas et al., 1987). As a result, it is necessary to distinguish the plan, concepts of topical relevance and user relevance. The queries are in the same topic if a query and thesis paper, key words in the index are topical relevant. For example, weather and snow are topical relevant. When it comes to the user relevant, the results would be based on the history records of the user. To solve the problem of relevant, researchers bring forward many retrieval models, which are the fundament of ranking algorithm. Me Write My Business? A search engine uses ranking algorithms to yield the result list.
And a good ranking algorithm could find most of the query relevant results. Essay About Love Written By A? However, most of ranking algorithms are based on the static feature of the text rather than language structure, which means the ranking algorithms would consider more about the number of words appearing than whether the word is a noun or adjective. Some advanced algorithms consider the help me write my business plan, language structure as the second factor of ranking the webpages while the most important is still appearing rate of words. The second core problem is evaluation problem. In 1960s, Cyril Cleverdon made the evaluation method (Cyril, 1970). He used two evaluation factors'precision and recall which are even popular now. Nursing Thesis Paper? Precision is a factor which matches intuition and help my business, it is the ratio of relevant document of catcher essay, all the searched documents. Recall is the proportion of me write my business plan, searched documents of the nursing essay, whole documents.
And there is a hypothesis when recall is used: Given the query, all the relevant documents are available. It is obviously impossible for a large database. However, it would be useful when it comes to the smaller test collection. What is more, the clickthrough rate records the clicked documents during the process of search. It could be one of the evaluation factors because the clickthrough rate with other log data is relevant with relevance.
But in the project, clickthrough cannot be tested to evaluate the search engine. However, the search engine company still uses relevance judgment as a supplement to determine the effectiveness of the help my business plan, results. The third core problem is how to pay attention to the users and their needs. About Love Written By A? After all, the evaluation is user-centered, which means the users decide whether a search engine is good or not. However, keyword queries are often poor descriptions of actual information needs. For example, 'blue' might be a color or a feeling or a type of song.
Therefore, lots of help me write my business, researches about interaction between users and the search engine have been done. Finally, query refinement techniques such as query expansion, query suggestion, relevance feedback refine the query and improve the ranking results. This section describes the software requirements which include software I have selected and the reason why I selected them, and write support, then it explains the architectural design of my search engine. A. Software Requirements. The search engine is help me write plan, developed using Eclipse running on a Windows 8 operating system.
The comparison of several kinds of technique in platforms and application of platforms are shown respectively as Table 1 and mba essays, Table 2 (Jing, 2010: 25). As the project might run in me write my business, cross-platform, considering speed, cost, and expansionism, I choose the JSP to be my development technology. And Eclipse is convenient to debug and run the java code, so I consider it as my programming software. And I use Tomcat (a web application server developed by the same company of JSP) to configure the web environment and publish my search engine webpage. B. System Architecture. According to the basic procedure and the function of a simple search engine written above, I take the architecture shown as Figure 1, which is based on a similar figure that can be found in nursing paper, 'Development of Lucene + Nutch Search Engine' (Xuesong, 2008). It is composed by 5 main modules which are crawling of webpage information, analysis of help my business plan, webpage content, foundation of webpage index, sorting of webpage search result, and tools and interfaces of thesis, webpage retrieval. The main modules could finish the whole webpage search engine with other information retrieval technology. Crawling of help me write, webpage information.
The software or system which collects the webpage information is called a web crawler. Generally, a web crawler uses the hyperlink in the webpage to traversal of the whole Internet, which means the crawler could crawl from one HTML document to another HTML document by URL references. Suppose the Internet is a super large graph whose node is the webpage and directed edge is the hyperlink in the webpage. And then we could use the method of graph traversal to plan access the Internet (Gang and Zhendong, 2010: 11-12). Generally, the help my business plan, Internet graph could be traversed by two methods which are breadth-first traversal and depth-first traversal respectively. However, if the the depth-first traversal is used, the crawler might fall in the much 'depth' of the graph (most of them would be spam or useless information) or go into the 'black hole' (The black hole is the hyperlink of the page points to itself, or the different URLs point to the same webpage) of the Internet so that it could not get out to search other webpages. While we could not use the complete breadth-first traversal because the results would be affected by initial URL the write, user chooses to a large extent. As a result, two methods described above are not suitable in the project. Luckily, there is a third method to traverse the help me write my business, Internet which is called the preferential crawler (Bing, 2009: 201).
The preferential crawler would allocate each webpage a value of importance at help my business plan the first place. Me Write? And then the method would be the same with breadth-first traversal except that the initial webpage would be the most important webpage, and the next webpage would be the second most important webpage, and so on. Now, the problem is how much each webpage values. Actually, there are many factors affecting the importance of a webpage, such as popularity of hyperlink, the importance of the hyperlink, average depth of hyperlink, quality of the website, and the weight of history etc. The popularity of hyperlink depends on the number and quality of backlinks which link to the current URL.
And we define it as IB(P). The importance of hyperlink is a function of string of URL. Dissertations? For example, the URL with '.com' or 'home' would be more important than those with '.cc' or 'map'. And we call it as IL(P). Then, we could define the importance of webpage I(P) as following (Gang and me write my business, Zhendong, 2010:22): In the function, a and b are the parameters which adjust the proportion of IB(P) and IL(P). And the average depth of help my business, link would be guaranteed by the breadth-first algorithm. Analysis of webpage content. Generally, the webpages or the documents which are crawled by the web crawler would be analyzed at the first place for building the index later. The analysis should filter the format information and advertisement in the webpage to my business get the write support dissertations, effective document content.
In the support dissertations, project, I use the 'regular expression' to finish the process of analysis. The 'regular expression' could extract the valid information from help plan webpages by matching texts with the 'regular expression pattern'. The module of the analysis part is shown as figure 2 (Xuesong, 2008:46). Natural Language Process. Actually, the 'regular expression' just eliminates the support dissertations, spam in the webpages but not extract the important information. For example, in each book, the words like 'a', 'of' cannot be avoided, however, in most circumstances, these words are not the focus of the search engine users.
As a result, these words could be neglected and not listed in the key words. The natural language process should also be used in the query of users. If the user inputs a sentence as a query, the search engine would give worse results compared that break the sentence down to several key words when the natural language process is not used. My Business Plan? So, it is very important to let the search engine understand the natural language. The first thing I dealt with is to plan set a list of help plan, stop words like 'of' and 'the'. These words are neither the focus of the users, nor cannot provide any information. The common of these words is that they appear very frequently so that if consider them as key words, much memory would be wasted and more useless results would appear. The second I have done is to neglect the tense of the verbs and the plural of the nouns. It could be done by extracting the 'stem' of the words so that the tense, the about written by a filipino, plural or other forms converting would be ignored. For example, the help me write, stem word of 'universal', 'universe', 'university', and 'universities' is 'univers'.
As a result, conversion of most words could be found and would not affect the match between the queries and the key words in the index. Foundation of webpage index. The webpages have to be indexed for the later use. Thesis Paper? And a better designed index could increase searching speed and locate the webpage more preciously so as to decrease the cost. The function of index is to analyze the search information, extract key words from the documents, and build the index table of documents. There are many index models in the field of search engine, such as inverted document index, vector space model, probability model and so on. And it is very important because the structure and help plan, effectiveness are the keys of web information index system. As a result, it is required to be easy to implement, maintain, retrieval information quickly, and need little space. Nowadays, most search engines use the inverted index to be the index model (Manish, 2011) because the structure is proper to response the key words retrieval quickly.
Its structure considers the key words as index key words and access entrance of linked list. And the inverted index could determine the list of document directly through index keywords. To get the performance of the search engine better, the inverted index is usually stored in nursing paper, the memory. Help My Business? And to reduce the pressure of the memory, the document is represented by a unique document code while all the documents and their codes would be stored in the database. The basic structure of inverted index is showed below as figure 3 (Xuesong, 2008: 67). In the figure 3, the key words are the results of about love written by a filipino, 'analysis of webpage content', and the documents in the inverted index are actually the code of documents. Each item in the structure of inverted index is an index item with relevant information generated by the key words. The advantage of inverted index is that it changes the organization of information to help my business plan be convenient to retrieval information while other models have to search every document to find out whether the key words are included or not. Sort of results. There are a lot of webpages (web spams) which include most keywords but only the plan, keywords. Absolutely, they are not the users' needs.
To avoid the spams filling in the list of results and let the users find what they want as soon as possible, it is very important to sort the results. During the sorting process, the importance of the webpage itself would take effect. And PAGERANK and HITS algorithms could calculate the importance of webpages based on the structure of the Web (Gang, 2011: 80). A famous and popular way to sort the results is the PAGERANK algorithm. The results yielded by the search engine are generally sorted by the importance of the webpage itself which could be measured by the connection among webpages. The PAGERANK method suppose the Internet as a democracy environment, we could measure the help plan, importance of webpage by the link structure. For example, when webpage A has a link to webpage B, the making, weight of webpage B would increase (Xuesong, 2008:235). There are two hypothesizes in the PAGERANK algorithm (Junlin, 2012: 138). One of help plan, them is that if a page is linked many times, the webpage is very important. If a webpage is linked by another important webpage, the webpage is also important. In a word, the importance could be passed among webpages.
The other hypothesis is that users access webpage randomly, browse the webpage with the hyperlinks, and never go back to catcher in the browse the previous webpage. As a result, the next webpage is more important than the previous one. However, there is a serious problem in PAGERANK that the PAGERANK is not query dependent so that each webpage would have the same value of PAGERANK for all queries. What is more, spam pages could link to my business one webpage to promote the about love written by a filipino, importance of the help plan, page. Besides, the third problem in PAGERANK that only uses in-links to a page and never uses out-links. To figure out the problems, we could use the HITS algorithm which defines the authority that many other pages point to the webpage and the hug that the page has outgoing links to many other pages.
The basic idea is similar to PAGERANK that dig the useful information by links in the Internet. And HITS algorithm considers authority and hug respectively that it evaluates hug based on the evaluation of authority. Finally, a weight would be assigned to in the rye language essay the webpage. The authority is help me write, relevant with the quality of decision process nursing essay, content information so as to attract many webpages to link while the hug is relevant with the quality of hyperlink page which is provided by the webpage. The higher authority webpages a webpage links, the higher its hug would be (Christopher, 2008).
And the input of the HITS algorithm is known query relevant webpages, as a result, HITS algorithm usually supplies the webpages which are relevant to plan the query which is unlike the ut austin, PAGERANK algorithm. It means that the number of webpages 'HITS' searched would be more than that of 'PAGERANK'. However, there are some disadvantages in the HITS algorithm. The first of all is that it is help me write plan, a query relevant algorithm which means it could not start calculating until the users input the query. The second problem is me write, that tightly-knit community effect could happen, which means if the query-relevant webpages link to other webpages which are not relevant and plan, link to each other, the my business, HITS algorithm would give them a high rank so that users might not get the query relevant information. The third is me write my business plan, that the structure is not stable, which means if one webpage is deleted or the about love by a filipino, few links change, the sorting according to the HITS algorithm would be great changed (Junlin, 2012: 144). Graphical User Interface. In the section of graphical user interface (GUI), based on the famous search engine company Google, the my business plan, home page would be very simple and convenient for users to search the information that he/she wants to. And my home page would be much more simply because the search engine could only about love filipino, search the webpage and my business, text. The current home page is shown as figure 4:
The users could input the words or the sentence they want to search in the left text box while they could type the support, number of results per page (n) they want in me write my business, the right text box. Decision Making Process? And a brief introduction has been given for the users to use the search engine more easily. The next webpage would show the previous n results of all the results. And at help my business plan the same time the page would tell the user how many results in total, the titles of searched webpages, the contents which include the words that the user searches, the websites of searched webpages, the time when the webpage is crawled which is helpful for the update of the database of the whole search engine, and catcher, which page current webpage is. Help My Business? Users could also click the button to essay written by a filipino select the first page, the help plan, previous page, the next page and the last page. What is more, users could decide which method to my business rank the results (HITS or PAGERANK). Suppose a user wants to search the 'robot' information and let the search engine return 3 results per page. My Business Plan? They input the word 'robot' in the lefe and '3' in the right, and then press the button 'search'. The next page would be as figure 5: We could find out from the picture above that there are six results in by a, total and it shows the first five webpages that include the word 'robot', which is highlighted in the current page.
And at the top of the my business, page, users could choose using the 'PAGERANK' or 'HITS' to nursing paper rank the pages. At the bottom of the help me write plan, page, users could see other results in the next page by clicking 'Next'. Making Nursing Essay? The pattern of next page is almost the same as the one above. And when users click 'PAGERANK' or 'HITS', the help my business, different results and ranking methods would be shown. What is worth noticing is the essential difference between 'PAGERANK' and 'HITS'. In the instruction of the report, three core problems have been brought forward. And a part of the first problem and the third problem could be solved by 'analysis of webpage content' and 'natural language process'. And the main aim of the reporting facility is to provide the information of 'user-relevant' so as to solve the mba essays, other part of the first problem. The reporting facility is responsible to record every query the user has done.
When the help me write my business, new query is input, the search engine would find the similar information of the old queries, and the results would have the characteristic of the user. The other aim of reporting facility is to let the user know what other users are searching. When the user inputs the query, the query would be stored in the database. And at the same time, the old queries could be loaded from the essay about love by a, database to compare the new query to find the similar information. The database would store the key words, the help, times that the key words has been searched, and the last time when the key word is searched. Nursing? What is more, if any user wants to see what he/she has searched before, the queries could have been visualized in the graphical user interface. According to the deliveries and typical criterion of search engine, some experiments have been done to evaluate the search engine I have made. And the help me write my business, test case would be the webpages of 'Durham University' which means that the webpages the crawler crawls start with 'www.dur.ac.uk'. The criterion and the results of the experiments would be shown. Finally, the solutions to the problems in the part of 'problem domain' and the benefits and making process nursing, deflects of the search engine would be demonstrated. Criterion of Evaluating the Search Engine.
In 1973, Lancaster and Fayen listed 6 factors to evaluate the search engines, coverage, recall ratio, precision ratio, response time, user effort, and format output (Lancaster and Fayen, 1973). Although the my business, index has been brought forward over 40 years ago, and the target is the traditional online information retrieval system. However, in terms of the essence of information retrieval system, the evaluation factors are still useful even nowadays. Later, after Heting Chu and Marilyn Rosenthal analyze and compare three famous search engines (Alta Vista, Excite, and Lycos), they come up with five aspects to evaluate the search engines, respectively indexing, search power, search effect, output, and users' burden (Chu and Rosenthal, 1996). Nursing Thesis? With the development of the research, the user experience is plan, paid more and more attention. Belkin considers the essential issue in the information retrieval system is anomalous state of knowledge (ASK) (Belkin, 1993), which is an about important part of the information retrieval model. Bell considers the complexity of the web based on the former research, and focus on the user experience when evaluating the my business, search engine (Bell, 1998). Considering the standard criterion above and the concrete condition of the current mainstream search engines, I think the in the rye language essay, following criterion is reasonable to evaluate the search engine in general. Capability of the Search Engine. The factor includes the capacity and coverage of the database of the search engine, the help me write, content and the depth of indexing, and the novel rate of the database.
The first one would affect the 'recall' factor directly according to ut austin mba essays the statistics, which shows that the more webpages the database has, the more results might be searched. Usually, the index database is help me write plan, composed of URL, name of document, content, titles, sub-titles and so on. The content of the combination would affect the precision of the search engines directly. In the meanwhile, the organization of the webpages is a multilayered hypertext structure, and the depth of indexing means which layer the search engines index. For example, some search engines only index the home page (the first layer) while some others index deeper layer. The other meaning of the depth is whether the search index all the webpage or just some content. In The Essay? For example, some search engines only help my business, index the name or the essay love written by a, title of the HTML document while others index the help plan, whole content of the catcher rye language essay, webpages. Generally, the more content a search engine indexes, the better the indexing effect is and the more resources would be occupied. The novel rate includes two aspects, uniqueness and help my business, update frequency. Uniqueness of a search engine is the ratio of the unique results which other search engines do not contain in all the nursing thesis, results the search engine returns.
And nowadays, the update frequency is very important because the information in the web varies largely in help plan, a second and is unpredictable. As a result, the search engine has to making nursing essay promise the ''' of the information and avoid the help me write, 'dead hyperlinks'. When it comes to dissertations my search engine, the test case is the webpages of 'Durham University', the capacity of the help my business plan, database is written, limited. My Business? However, the content and the depth of indexing would be very comprehensive, which means that the database would save all the me write my business, contents of each webpage. But, the database would never be updated because it is help me write plan, not an on-line version now. The aim of the test is to evaluate the performance but not the capability. The factor includes construction of indexing expression and the indexing function. In 1998, Rousseau et al. found that one of the difficulties is catcher rye language essay, how to me write my business plan bring forward keywords and use the love written by a filipino, different command indicators when using the on-line library (Fang and Salvendy, 2000). In fact, the search engine has the same problem with the help my business plan, on-line library.
And for the most search engines, the queries the users input are the most important factor for the results. However, the thesis paper, queries would be different even if when the different users search the my business, same target. Written By A? To solve the problem, some search engines (such as AskJeeves) would provide some other relevant keywords to give the users more choices to get more and better results. And some user-friendly search engine supply the toolbar and dropdown menu to help the users come up with more detailed query so as to get more satisfied results. The number and effects of indexing functions provided by the search engines would affect the indexing results seriously. And many indexing technologies used in the traditional on-line indexing system are developed to be the important technologies in the search engine field, such as Boolean index, truncation index, position index, and limited index. In the meanwhile, the graphic user interface has been separated as the normal index interface and advanced index interface according to the needs of the users.
And almost all the search engines do not differentiate the lowercase and uppercase of the words and consider the list of stop words. In my search engine, I take the simpleness as the most important factor in the graphic user interface. As a result, there is no toolbar and help my business, dropdown menu existing. However, it has its own stop words list and do not differentiate the lowercase and uppercase of the words. Furthermore, it supports the Boolean query to help users get more satisfied results. This factor is very important to evaluate the search engine I have made because the search engine could be quantized to compare with other search engines. The search engine has to deal with more information, which is the significant different from on-line indexing system. If the indexing algorithms were not improved, it would take lots of time to deal with a simple search. And most of the users would not wait for the search engine when they use it to search the information. There are no standard test cases to test the average response time of the search engines.
And it is not fair to compare my search engine with the famous search engine like Google because the ut austin mba essays, scale of the database is not comparative. As a result, I would give some words randomly and give a simple list of response time of the my business, words. The experiments have been tested when the number of webpages is 998 and the number of the keywords is 185451. The detail information would be listed as table 1. From the table 1, we could see that the process of searching would take too much time for the user. There are two main reasons slowing down the speed of the search engine. The first one is that the graphic user interface requires the part of content which include the keywords returns. If we just revise it to return just the title or just one sentence, the time would be reduced to help me write my business plan less than 1 second. The second one affecting time is the query in the database. For supporting the fuzzy query, the query 'like' has to be used, however, it takes too much time.
If the fuzzy query is not a necessary, the time accessing the database would decrease significantly. Recall and Precision. These two factors are very important in my business plan, the past when the information is limited. However, nowadays, the users pay more attention to whether the me write my business, hyperlinks of the information they want appear in the first several pages. The following table shows the relationship between the retrieved webpages and relevance (C.J., 2010). The calculation of recall and precision is as follows: In the function, |.| means the number of '.'.
As the equation shows, the measure of these two factors in the search engine would not be easy, especially for the recall because it is even harder to get the number of 'A'. What is more, in my search engine, we could suggest that in the PAGERANK method, there is no non-relevant retrieved webpage existing because the Boolean match has been used. In a word, the value of these factors would be very high in my search engine but it is useless to compare with other search engines by these two factors. The format and content of help me write, output. The outputs of the catcher in the, results are different among search engines, however, there are almost three parts: title, summary, and URL in all the plan, search engines, what is more, the keywords are highlighted in some search engines.
What is more, some search engines add introduction, type, webpage size, date, hyperlinks to detail the results. Support Dissertations? Furthermore, the search engine would show that how long it would take and help me write my business, how many results it returns. If the number of the write support dissertations, results would be large, the keyword is not useful for searching while the number is small demonstrates that the keyword is too special. In the graphic user interface of my business, my search engine, it would return all the basic parts above and my business, the keywords are highlighted. What is more, it would return time and the number of results. In the part, three more functions are included, post-processing, assistance process, and information filter. The post-processing allows the users to help plan type more keywords to search the information in the former results. During the process of mba essays, assistance, search engines usually provide the preview function or cached snapshot function. The information filtering include two aspects, one is that the search engine would filter some unhealthy information for the immaturity while the my business plan, other aspect is to return different results to different users according to the users' history records. In my search engine, there are no functions such as 'search in the result', preview, and information filtering. However, the reporting facility would save the users' queries so as to analyze it later.
Comparison between the PAGERANK and HITS. According to the principle of the PAGERANK and HITS algorithm, it seems that they are similar which are based on nursing paper the hyperlinks and use the eigenvector. However, the differences between the help my business plan, algorithms are obvious according to the principles and experiments. The first one is that HITS algorithm is essay about love written, query-dependent because the authority of the HITS is the weight of the me write plan, indexing theme. However, PAGERANK is a query-independent algorithm because it is thesis paper, independent with the help plan, indexing theme. The PAGERANK algorithm is based on the 'reference analysis', addition with the quality of the Internet. It not only considers the number of the nursing thesis, in-linked webpages, but also regards the importance of the in-linked webpages. The second one is that HITS algorithm gets the initial processing data based on the text search engine, and the importance of the webpages passes from the hub page to me write plan the authority page. What is more, in the HITS algorithm, the hub and the authority improve each other. While the PAGERANK algorithm is based on the random surfer model, which means that the importance of the webpages transfers among the authority webpages.
The third one is that the response time of the HITS algorithm is more than that of the PAGERANK algorithm. Although the HITS algorithm analyzes the fewer webpages, however, it has to extract the mba essays, initial results set from the me write my business, search engine and expand to the basic results set, which would take lots of time. While superficially the PAGERANK algorithm deals with more webpages, but the processing runs in advance, as a result, the response time seems less. This section contains evaluations on the work carried out support, during the course. The first sub-section focuses on evaluating the solutions selected and the second sub-section assesses the implementation and help me write my business plan, evaluation of the resulting systems. Evaluation of essay about written, Solutions. The final aim of the project is to build a search engine and compare the ranking algorithm PAGERANK and HITS. Help My Business Plan? To realize the aim, the deliverables have been shown in the introduction part. The following part is to evaluate each part in written, the deliverables. The first one in the minimum objectives is to help me write my business design a web crawler. The detail has been introduced and it actually works.
However, there are some problems in the crawler part. Catcher In The? The biggest problem is that the crawler crawls the webpages so fast that sometimes it would be misunderstood as a malware. For example, when the me write plan, crawler crawls the test case which is exactly the webpage in the Durham University, the firewall of the university is always triggered and stop the crawler continue crawling. The second problem is that the crawler part takes too much time because it has to dissertations run on line. Each time the crawler saves a document, it would save the hyperlinks in the document in a array. However, not all the hyperlinks could be connected, as a result, the code has to my business get the HTTP code from the Internet, which would take time. Only when the HTTP code is 200, the hyperlink could be connected, otherwise, the hyperlink could not be access. Another time-consuming part is to remove the duplicated URLs from the array when the scale of array is large. As a result, it is thesis paper, very easy to solve the problem actually.
As long as let the crawler wait for 1 or 2 seconds, the help me write my business plan, firewall would not be triggered, however, the crawler part would take more time because of the second problem. The second in decision making process nursing, the minimum objectives is to build and maintain an index. Here I choose the inverted index as the index model because it has been widely used in many famous search engines, even the biggest open source search engine Lucene has been using the help my business, inverted index. And the benefits of the inverted index are obvious and have been introduced in the solution part. The third in the minimum objectives and the second in the intermediate objectives is to design a graphic user interface. The principle of the GUI part is simple and convenient to use, which just include two input boxes which user could input the query and mba essays, the number of results per page respectively, a very simple instruction guiding users to use the search engine, and several keys for users to choose the ranking algorithm they like. If I have more time, there are lots of things to do. For example, the me write my business plan, function of 'search in the results' and cached snapshoot could be added to me write my business satisfy the users. The Boolean operators like '+','-' ,'|' could be used in the query to get more accurate information the user wants. More Boolean operators could be added if the more time is given. The last one in the minimum objectives, the third one in the intermediate objectives and the first one in the advanced objectives are to implement ranking algorithms, and the basic ranking algorithm I choose is a simple one, the Boolean model added fuzzy search to return the relevant webpages.
The method promises that the me write my business plan, returned results are definitely relevant to the query, which means that the precision of the search engine would be 100 percent. However, some other models have not been tested and cannot be compared each other. Write Support? The PAGERANK algorithm and help plan, HITS algorithm I implement is the most original one, which could compare and analyze the results more easily. However, the effect of the original algorithms might not be good so that it would definitely affect the evaluation of the search engine. The last one in the intermediate objectives and the last one in the advanced objectives are to build and visualize a reporting facility which stores the users' query for statistical analysis. The part works but it is not a former work of providing the catcher in the rye language, users their unique results even if they search the same word. In the end, although all the given objectives were completed, the improvements could still be done to make the help me write my business, search engine better and to make the test data more convinced. Evaluation of Implementation. According to the 'Results' part, the search engine has been evaluated. However, there are still some problems need to be solved. First of all, the test case is not good.
And because of the dynamics of the Internet, many webpages could not be accessed after it has been crawled. Furthermore, the disadvantage of the crawler leads to the limited scale of the test case. As a result, it seems that the capability of the search engine is not good. But it is not true, if more time could be given, the detail in the crawling algorithm would be improved and the scale of the test case would be larger, the speed would rise significantly. The second worth noticing is that the indexing method, the Boolean query could work and the quality of the returned results is high. However, the toolbar and dropdown menu would be added if I have more time. In the third part, we could see that the process nursing essay, response time is a little intolerable, the reasons of which have been analyzed and the quantities of experiments could prove that reading and analyzing the sentence which include the key words from help me write plan raw file which downloads from the webpages directly take too much time. If just one sentence or just title is catcher essay, returned, the time would be reduced significantly. And it seems that the recall and precision are not good factors to plan evaluate my search engine.
However, there are no more famous factors to evaluate the search engine as the problem domain in the 'Related Work' says. Dissertations? The format and content in help plan, my search engine keep the same form with other famous search engines such as Google. The last part of my business, evaluation in help me write, my search engine could not be measured because it is more like a expansion and future work of the project. Essay Written Filipino? In a word, the help my business, experiments could prove that the search engine could work and be able to compare the PAGERANK and HITS algorithms clearly, which realize the basic purpose of the project. But there are lots of details that could be improved. The purpose of the project is to build a search engine and compare the me write my business plan, PAGERANK and HITS ranking algorithms.
The work has been separated to several sub-modules and each part has been done as deliverables, crawler, index, and graphic user interface. During the process of building the search engine, some key techniques have been breakthrough and three key problems have been tried to be solved. The crawler takes the preferential traversal to access the whole Internet. The benefit is that it not only avoids the my business, black hole in the Internet, but also allows the most important webpages to be crawled at first. And then the documents the crawler has crawled have to write support be dealt with for the indexing using. The content of the webpages always contains the useless format information and advertisements.
As a result, the keywords in the content have to be extracted and the spam in the Internet is also filtered. The aim of the me write my business plan, part includes extracting words, eliminating punctuation mark, convert between uppercase and lowercase letters, resuming word stem, eliminating conjunction and high frequency words. What is mba essays, more, the dictionary of me write plan, stop words is support dissertations, built to extract the useful key words from the content and the stems of the words are used to neglect the tense of the verbs and the plural of the nouns. In the index part, the inverted index is used rather than the normal index which would increase the searching speed significantly. Me Write Plan? And the ranking algorithms I have implemented include the basic Boolean algorithm, PAGERANK algorithm, and HITS algorithm. The graphic user interface is write support dissertations, designed to help me write plan be simple and convenient to be used by the users. And the help me write, reporting facility saves all the queries of the users for the statistics use and me write my business plan, would finally be used in the future. In the problem domain in the part of 'Related Work', three issues have been brought forward. The first one is how to define relevance, in my search engine, the techniques of the support dissertations, Boolean match, stems of the words, and natural language processing are used to solve the problem effectively.
The second issue is how to my business plan evaluate the search engine. In the part of 'Results', the whole system of evaluation has been given, although it is not appropriate for evaluating my search engine, however, it is quite a good system for evaluating the common search engine because it covers almost every aspect of the search engine. The last issue is how to satisfy the users. In my search engine, the catcher, former work has been done by help my business plan, the reporting facility. However, the problem has not been solved in the project. But it is definitely the focus of the future work. Luo Gang and Wang Zhendong , (2010). Writing a web crawler by yourself, 1st Ed., Tsinghua Univeristy Press.
Wang Xuesong, (2008). Development of ut austin, Lecene+Nutch Search Engine, 1st Ed, Post Telecom Press. Yu Jing, (2010). Course of JavaWeb Application Development, 1st Ed, Beijing University of me write, Posts and Telecommunications Press. W.Bruce Croft, Donald Metzler, and Trevor Strohman, (2010). Search Engines Information Retrieval in dissertations, Practice, 1st Ed, China Machine Press. Jawadekar, Waman, (2011). Help My Business? Knowledge Management: Text Cases, Tata McGraw-Hill Education.
Manish Patil, Sharma V. Thankachan, Rahul Shah, Wing-Kai Hon, Jeffrey Scott Vitter and Sabrina Chandrasekaran, (2011). Ut Austin? Inverted Indexes for Phrases and Strings. Available at: wkhon/papers/PTSHVC11.pdf (Accessed: 25 January, 2014) Furnas, G., et al.,(1987). 'The Vocabulary Problem in me write my business plan, Human-System Communication', Communications of the ACM, November 1987,30(11), pp. Plan? 964-971. Cyril Cleverdon, (1970) 'Evaluation Tests of Information Retrieval Systems', Journal of Documentation, Vol. 26 Iss:1, pp. 55-67.
Bing Liu, (2009). Web Data Mining, 1st Ed, Tsinghua Univeristy Press. Luo Gang, (2011). Encoding Technology in the Search Engine ' Lucene Java, 1st Ed, Publishing House of Electronics Industry. Junlin Zhang, (2012). Help My Business Plan? This is the me write, Search Engine, 2nd Ed, Publishing House of plan, Electronics Industry. Christopher D. Nursing Thesis? Manning, Prabhakar Raghavan and Hinrich Sch??tze,(2008). Introduction to Information Retrieval. Cambridge University Press. Wei Zhang (2005), 'Search Engine Optimization Strategy Research based on PageRank Algorithm', unpublished.
Yibing Li (2011), 'Webpage Ranking Algorithm Study based on Search Engine', umpublished. China Internet Network Information Center(CNNIC)(2013). The 33rd Statistics Report for China Internet Developing Situation. Available at: http://www.cnnic.net.cn/hlwfzyj/hlwxzbg/hlwtjbg/201403/t20140305_46240.htm (Accessed: 24 April 2014) Shuling Dong (2011), 'Research and Improvement of Ranking Algorithms on help Search Engine', umpublished.
Lina Zhang, Zhiyin Yang, Bo Yang (2011), 'Research on the Current Development Situation on the Third-Generation Search Engine', Sci-Tech Information Development Economy, 21(34):141-143. Lancaster, F. W. Fayen, E. Decision Making Process? G. Help Plan? (1973). Information Retrieval On-Line. Los Angeles: Melville Pub. Co. Heting Chu and Marilyn Rosenthal.,(1996). 'Search Engines for the World Wide Web: A Comparative Study and Evaluation Methodology', in Proc.
Of the 59th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science, pp.127-135. Belkin, IV.j.,(1993). 'Interaction with texts: information retrieval as information-seeking behavior, Information Retrieval '93'55-66. Bell, S. 'Guidelines for the development of methodologies to evaluate Internet search engines:' Please do a couple of searches and send the feedback to me''. Glasgow: Department of catcher essay, Information Science, University of Strathelyde (MSeThesis), 1998. X. Fang and help me write my business, G. Salvendy(2000). 'Keyword comparison: a user-centered feature for improving web search tools', Int.J.Human-Computer Studies, Vol.52:915-931. C.J. van RIJSBERGEN(2010). Information Retrieval. Available at: http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/Keith/pdf/Chapter7.pdf (Accessed: 28 April 2014) If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of essay about written filipino, coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to me write my business plan help you.
Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to essay filipino your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Information Technology work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Information Technology essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Search Engines . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/information-technology/search-engine.php [06-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal:
Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. Essay UK is a trading name of Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in my business, England and Wales under Company Number 08866484 . Registered Data Controller No: ZA245894.
Best Essay Writers Here -
Help Write My Business Plan | Forum
essay midlife crisis All online transactions are done using all major Credit Cards or Electronic Check through either PayPal™ or Moneybookers™. These are safe, secure, and efficient ways to make payment online. What is Midlife Crisis and who is Affected By It More, Men or Women? Midlife crisis refers to a term invented by Elliott Jaques in 1965 to denote a time during which adults acknowledge that their mortality and the limited time that is left to live (Lachman 305). Many people experience midlife crisis during the midlife transition after realizing that they have lived more than half their lives.
In addition, there are other times when the onset of a midlife crisis can be brought about by transitions that people experience during these years such as menopause, andropause and other factors that factors that can cause grief such as realizing that one is in the wrong career, unemployment, or children leaving home. From a psychological point of my business, view, Carl Jung considered midlife crisis as a normal stage in the maturing process, which is often experienced during 40-60 years. According to Shellenbarger (102), many people are likely to experience emotional transition during their midlife crisis, which is manifested by evaluating their current position in life and making some adjustments to live the remaining part of their lives. Shellenbarger (103) asserts that many people come through the midlife crisis without making any substantial life changes. For some people, the phase of midlife crisis tends to be more complicated typified by lack of emotional comfort that ultimately results in depression. This paper provides a comprehensive discussion of midlife crisis and undertakes a comparative research between midlife crisis in decision making nursing, men and women in order to help, determine which gender is affected more by my business midlife crisis. The Concept of Midlife Crisis. The reality of a transition referred to as midlife crisis is a subject of contention. Many people casually denote the midlife crisis as a transition aimed at help, explaining changes in personality, individual behavior, and life orientation that often occurs between 30 and 50 years although precise age range for midlife crisis is yet to be established (Lachman 325).
Is midlife crisis real, or it is just an excuse for changes in individual behavior that lack explanation? Academic scholars and researchers since the 1980s have refuted the view that a midlife crisis is a phase that many adults experience. In a study by Whitbourne, Sneed and help plan Sayer (1330), less than 10 percent of the people in the US experienced psychological crises attributed to aging. Whitbourne, Sneed and Sayer (1335) believe that history of psychological crisis and personality type increases the risk of some people experiencing the “traditional” midlife crisis, wherein people tend to exhibit a myriad of symptoms and disparate behaviors. Whitbourne, Sneed and help me write my business Sayer (1330) stress the significance of catcher essay, differentiating a midlife stressor and me write my business plan a midlife crisis. According to Nutty (168), midlife refers to the age between 40 and catcher essay 60 years whereby an individual is constantly assessing his/her own life. Nevertheless, Nutty (170) points out many midlife stressors are often mistaken for midlife crises because daily stressors can add up and be perceived as a crisis; however, in reality, they are just an overload of stressors. Many middle aged individuals witness major life events, such as a career setback and my business plan loss of a loved one, that are likely to result in an extended duration of psychological depression. Nevertheless, there is a probability that these major events could have occurred later or earlier in essay about love by a filipino, life, which makes them a crisis, but not essentially a midlife crisis.
In the same study by Whitbourne, Sneed and Sayer (1330), about 15 percent of middle aged individuals reported to me write plan, have experienced this form midlife turmoil. Other studies point out that certain cultures are extremely sensitive to the notion of middle life crisis relative to other cultures; for instance, a study by Lachman (318) reported little evidence to conclude that Indians and Japanese experience midlife crises, which raises concerns as to whether the notion of catcher, midlife crisis can be a cultural construct. Help Plan? According to Nutty (178), the “youth culture” in the Western world has contributed to the recognition midlife crisis in western societies. By A? Some researchers have also revealed that midlife is a period of reassessment and reflection; however, it is not necessarily followed by help me write my business the psychological disturbance that is often linked to midlife crisis. On the other hand, Shellenbarger (145) argues that midlife crisis is real, and is mostly prevalent in men although women also experience midlife crisis through re-orientation and reevaluation. According to ut austin, Shellenbarger (149), midlife crisis is a normal development stage in life is essentially positive and help me write has the goal of helping an individual to rye language essay, achieve wholeness. Me Write My Business Plan? By being normal, Shellenbarger (150) argues that midlife crisis is unavoidable provided a person lives long enough. In defending the essay written by a filipino reality of middle life crisis, Shellenbarger argues:
Just like adolescence is unavoidable, so is midlife crisis. One can deny experiencing midlife crisis but it cannot be escaped. Adolescence is meant to transform one from childhood to adulthood; similarly, midlife also seeks to transform a person. A person may not enjoy his/her midlife; however, midlife attempts transform a person positively by guiding one to achieve spiritual and psychological wholeness. When a person is at midlife, he/she is halfway to achieving that goal (Shellenbarger 154) Some individuals might experience a mild midlife crisis whereas in some individuals, the midlife crisis can be life changing, unsettling and confusing. The person experiencing the midlife crisis are often confused in terms of their actions, behaviors and desires, and in more extreme cases, people undergoing the midlife crisis opt to my business plan, act upon their desires.
The basic thought that elicits midlife crisis in a person’s life is the thinking that life is half over. At this point, an individual realizes that life will not go on help my business plan forever and there will be no time to accomplish several tasks and achieve life goals. As a result, during midlife crisis, a person finds him/herself struggling with a constrained timeframe, which results in a frightening thought (Nutty 115). In addition, there is the need to revise goals that one once cherished while facing the my business plan challenge of a limited timeframe to accomplish the ut austin mba essays revised goals. In addition, the plan person is not usually in the desired place in life and tends to grieve the loss of in the rye language essay, accomplishment.
An individual mortality becomes more prevalent than the help my business plan thought of catcher essay, living. Me Write My Business Plan? The individual often perceives major life events that were postponed or missed as a permanently lost. In the wake of this disturbing perspective, it is highly likely an individual’s perception of life can change substantially. Another typical characteristic of decision making process nursing, midlife crisis is help me write my business self evaluation; for instance, if the person has established and developed his/her identity around some life goals or a career, the help risk of help my business, altering or losing that identity is significantly high because of the elements that helped in creating that identity are uncertain, irrelevant or insufficient because of the major life re-evaluation. In most cases, people tend to establish a new self with the goal of recapturing the lost youth, which can entail activities such as divorcing, undertaking immense purchases in order to create a new identity, or by simply abandoning one life towards an entirely new life. According to Nutty (154), these transitions are abrupt, irrational and illogical; resulting in thesis, loved ones beginning to question what is help me write plan happening in one’s life at mba essays, the time. The second identity crisis is also another typical crisis of midlife crisis. According to Shellenbarger (105), in life, individuals have two main identity crises with the first taking place during adolescence while second identity occurring at midlife where a person must surrender his established identity and strive to become who he/she is meant to be.
Shellenbarger (102) asserts that this transition is not easy and many people to my business, resist. Ultimately, midlife is more about searching for one’s true meaning in life. In relation to the stages in midlife crisis, Nutty (180) identifies five distinct stages, which include shock, denial, depression, anger and write dissertations acceptance. Me Write My Business Plan? Some people will pass through these phases smoothly whereas some may go back and forth between the in the rye language phases until they come through the crisis. Occurrence and Characteristics of Midlife Crisis. A study undertaken by me write plan Lachman (311) pointed out that, for 10 percent of middle aged individuals who experience midlife crisis related to age, it is mba essays common among the me write ages between 40 and 60 years. Written By A? Lachman (311) reports that the median age for the onset of the midlife crisis is 46 years, and lasts approximately 3-10 years in men and me write my business plan about 2-5 years in write support dissertations, women; this indicates that men are more affected by midlife crisis than women. Help? Lachman (313) asserts that the most prevalent cause of midlife crisis is aging although aging can combine with other factors to result in midlife crisis such as career, spousal relationships, maturation of children, death or aging of parents, and in the rye language physical changes linked to aging. Many people usually have difficulty during midlife, which aggravates into a crisis mode due to a myriad of external factors mentioned above. With regard to the characteristics and symptoms of midlife crisis, Nutty (175) asserts that people have a tendency of questioning their priority and help plan attempting to adjust their lifestyle in order to meet their emotional demands. Nutty (180) asserts that people undergoing midlife crisis question their choices, resulting in essay about love written filipino, a particular set of feelings such as searching for an undefined goal; sense of regret for unachieved goals; potential fear of humiliation from successful peers; the desire to attain the youth feeling; and the desire to spend more time either alone or with some friends.
In addition, people undergoing midlife crisis tend to exhibit a number of behaviors associated with alcohol abuse, depression, remorse for wrongdoings, acquiring costly or unusual items, increased attention on physical appearance, creating relationships with younger individuals, and emphasizing on their children to excel (Lachman 308). According to Shellenbarger (105), feelings of plan, depression are a noteworthy symptom of midlife crisis, which is likely to affect the support dissertations mood and relationships negatively. This may result in neglecting work, family and friends. Some of the symptoms associated with depression during midlife include unusual appetite; strange sleep patterns; loss of interests in help, activities that were once enjoyed; pessimism; lack of focus; and indecisiveness. Midlife Crisis between Men and Women. It is evident that midlife crisis affects both men and essay love written by a women albeit differently. Me Write My Business Plan? Researchers suggest that the triggers for midlife crisis are different in nursing thesis paper, men and help me write women, wherein midlife crisis in men is likely to be triggered by work-related issues whereas for ut austin, women, midlife crisis is triggered by personal re-evaluation of me write, their roles. Shellenbarger (115) asserts that midlife crisis affects men more than it affects women since it lasts for approximately 3-10 years in men and about 2-5 years among women; Shellenbarger (115) uses the duration that midlife crisis lasts to conclude that midlife crisis is more prevalent in men than women.
In summarizing his views on why men experience midlife crisis, Shellenbarger argues: Men undergo midlife crisis since that have attained a certain age and comprehend that life is passing them, as a result, they tend to be afraid of essay love by a filipino, changes associated with aging; afraid of illness; afraid of being less attractive to people of opposite sex; afraid of help me write my business, failing to achieve the goals that they have established for themselves; and afraid of death (Shellenbarger 115). On the other hand, women experience midlife crisis since they have attained a certain age and mba essays finally acknowledge that they have a chance to accomplish all the tasks that they postponed while taking care of help me write, their families. Shellenbarger notes that: Women experience midlife crisis because all the nursing children have grown up and find an opportunity to accomplish all the tasks she postponed during motherhood. Help Me Write My Business Plan? In addition, a woman is catcher rye language essay likely to experience midlife crisis because she is of the my business plan view that she and her spouse have worked hard during their lives, attained financial security, which she perceives a chance to explore all activities and tasks that she had put on hold. Plan? Menopause also poses a number of biological and psychological changes on help my business plan women, which results in women questioning how she lived in the course of write, her life and whether there is need to make adjustments on plan her life (Shellenbarger 116). According to Nutty (181), middle life crisis among women creates more prospects in life and experience bigger changes than men. A study by Whitbourne, Sneed and Sayer (1340) pointed out that men and women vary significantly with respect to the measure of fulfillment after midlife crisis. Researchers have reported that before reaching 50 years, less women (24%) than men (40%) have a feeling that they have achieved a special dream; however, after attaining 50 years, the fulfillment of women increases (to 36 percent) whereas the fulfillment of men reduces substantially to write support dissertations, 28%.
Whitbourne, Sneed and Sayer notes: The triggers of help me write, middle life crisis point out sex differences. By A Filipino? Women are more likely than men to commence their midlife crisis with family problems or events such as divorce, death of a parent, extramarital affairs, and the acknowledgement that one has not achieved her goals as a parent. On the other hand, midlife crisis in men is more likely to be triggered by work-related issues whereas women’s midlife crisis is more likely to be attributed to introspection. Women tend to associate their midlife crisis with a new insight of themselves through avenues such as reflection, therapy and religion (Whitbourne, Sneed and Sayer 1340). It is evident that there are significant gender differences regarding the triggers and effects of midlife crisis. According to Nutty (181), women handle their midlife crisis relatively better than men owing to help, the fact that they perceive midlife crisis as a turning point for the better. For women, a midlife crisis is a point of write dissertations, reassessment and transition, whereas for men, middle life crisis is help my business plan a point of about love written, remorse for my business plan, unaccomplished goals. In the light of this view, it can be inferred that midlife crisis affects women more than it affects men. Fundamentally, women tend to reinvent themselves during the midlife crisis whereas men are highly at risk of succumbing to write, the damaging effects of midlife crisis.
Treatment and help my business Prevention of Midlife Crisis. According to Shellenbarger (110), midlife crisis is help me write unavoidable and can only be coped up with. There are a number of help me write my business, coping skills that an individual experiencing midlife crisis can adopt to ensure that the crisis serves as a positive turning point. Shellenbarger (115) recommends exploring and sharing feelings with either a therapist or a trusted friend in order to re-evaluate their life goals. Another coping skill involves good diet and exercise. Thesis Paper? It is imperative to embrace midlife crisis instead of help my business plan, fearing it. Through enhancing one’s lifestyle behaviors by good diet and exercise, many problems associated with midlife crisis are reversible since exercise helps in reducing tension, and increasing sleep and rest. Psychotherapy is also an important approach in coping with midlife crisis since it offers an opportunity through which an individual can be aware of who he/she is and what he/she wants to be (Shellenbarger 115). This paper has discussed issues related to midlife crisis including gender differences and treatment and prevention of midlife crisis. Help Me Write My Business? From this paper, it is evident that midlife crisis is help me write a normal development stage in life is essentially positive and ut austin mba essays has the goal of helping an individual to achieve wholeness. It is common among the ages between 40 and help me write my business plan 60 years.
During midlife crisis, people have a tendency of nursing thesis paper, questioning their priority and attempting to adjust their lifestyle in order to meet their emotional demands. The paper has also shown that midlife crisis affects men more than it affects women. This is me write my business because women perceive midlife crisis a turning point to reinvent themselves. Lachman, Margie. Making Essay? “Development in Midlife.” Annual Review of my business plan, Psychology 55 (2004): 305-331. Print. Nutty, Peter. Nursing Paper? Caged, a Midlife Crisis. New York: Authorhouse, 2012.
Print. Shellenbarger, Sue. The Breaking Point: How Today’s Women Are Navigating Midlife Crisis. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2005. Print. Whitbourne, S,K, J Sneed and A Sayer. “Psychosocial development from college through midlife: A 34-year sequential study.” Developmental Psychology 45.5 (2009): 1328-1340.