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bob black work essay No one should ever work. Work is the source of nearly all the misery in the world. Almost any evil you'd care to name comes from working or from living in a world designed for ut austin work. In order to stop suffering, we have to stop working. That doesn't mean we have to stop doing things. It does mean creating a new way of life based on play; in other words, a ludic conviviality, commensality, and maybe even art. There is more to play than child's play, as worthy as that is. I call for a collective adventure in generalized joy and freely interdependent exuberance. Play isn't passive. Research Paper Taking! Doubtless we all need a lot more time for sheer sloth and slack than we ever enjoy now, regardless of income or occupation, but once recovered from employment-induced exhaustion nearly all of us want to act.
Oblomovism and Stakhanovism are two sides of the same debased coin. The ludic life is totally incompatible with existing reality. So much the worse for reality, the gravity hole that sucks the vitality from the ut austin, little in life that still distinguishes it from mere survival. Curiously -- or maybe not -- all the old ideologies are conservative because they believe in work. Locke Concerning Understanding Tabula Rasa! Some of them, like Marxism and most brands of anarchism, believe in work all the more fiercely because they believe in so little else. Liberals say we should end employment discrimination.
I say we should end employment. Ut Austin! Conservatives support right-to-work laws. Following Karl Marx's wayward son-in-law Paul Lafargue I support the right to be lazy. Leftists favor full employment. Like the surrealists -- except that I'm not kidding -- I favor full un employment. Trotskyists agitate for permanent revolution. I agitate for permanent revelry.
But if all the ideologues (as they do) advocate work -- and not only because they plan to make other people do theirs -- they are strangely reluctant to say so. They will carry on endlessly about wages, hours, working conditions, exploitation, productivity, profitability. They'll gladly talk about anything but work itself. These experts who offer to do our thinking for us rarely share their conclusions about work, for all its saliency in the lives of twelfth true essay, all of us. Among themselves they quibble over the details.
Unions and management agree that we ought to sell the time of our lives in exchange for survival, although they haggle over the price. Marxists think we should be bossed by bureaucrats. Libertarians think we should be bossed by businessmen. Feminists don't care which form bossing takes so long as the bosses are women. Clearly these ideology-mongers have serious differences over how to divvy up the spoils of power. Just as clearly, none of them have any objection to power as such and ut austin all of them want to keep us working. You may be wondering if I'm joking or serious. I'm joking and twelfth night true serious. To be ludic is mba essays not to be ludicrous.
Play doesn't have to concerning human rasa, be frivolous, although frivolity isn't triviality: very often we ought to ut austin, take frivolity seriously. I'd like life to be a game -- but a game with high stakes. I want to play for with no essay required keeps . The alternative to work isn't just idleness. To be ludic is not to be quaaludic. As much as I treasure the pleasure of torpor, it's never more rewarding than when it punctuates other pleasures and pastimes. Nor am I promoting the managed time-disciplined safety-valve called leisure; far from it. Leisure is nonwork for the sake of work. Leisure is the time spent recovering from work and in the frenzied but hopeless attempt to ut austin, forget about work. Many people return from vacation so beat that they look forward to returning to work so they can rest up. The main difference between work and leisure is that work at least you get paid for your alienation and enervation.
I am not playing definitional games with anybody. Essay Concerning Human Tabula Rasa! When I say I want to mba essays, abolish work, I mean just what I say, but I want to say what I mean by defining my terms in locke human, non-idiosyncratic ways. My minimum definition of work is forced labor , that is, compulsory production. Both elements are essential. Work is production enforced by economic or political means, by the carrot or the stick. (The carrot is just the stick by other means.) But not all creation is work. Mba Essays! Work is never done for its own sake, it's done on account of some product or output that the worker (or, more often, somebody else) gets out of it. Is The Goal Thesis Statement For A Rhetorical! This is mba essays what work necessarily is. To define it is to twelfth night true love essay, despise it. But work is usually even worse than its definition decrees. The dynamic of domination intrinsic to work tends over time toward elaboration. Ut Austin Mba Essays! In advanced work-riddled societies, including all industrial societies whether capitalist of Communist, work invariably acquires other attributes which accentuate its obnoxiousness.
Usually -- and this is even more true in Communist than capitalist countries, where the state is is the of a thesis rhetorical analysis almost the only employer and everyone is an mba essays employee -- work is essay concerning rasa employment, i. e., wage-labor, which means selling yourself on the installment plan. Thus 95% of Americans who work, work for somebody (or some thing ) else. In the USSR or Cuba or Yugoslavia or any other alternative model which might be adduced, the corresponding figure approaches 100%. Only the embattled Third World peasant bastions -- Mexico, India, Brazil, Turkey -- temporarily shelter significant concentrations of agriculturists who perpetuate the traditional arrangement of most laborers in the last several millenia, the payment of taxes (= ransom) to the state or rent to parasitic landlords in return for being otherwise left alone. Mba Essays! Even this raw deal is beginning to look good. All industrial (and office) workers are employees and under the sort of surveillance which ensures servility. But modern work has worse implications.
People don't just work, they have jobs. One person does one productive task all the time on an or-else basis. Even if the task has a quantum of intrinsic interest (as increasingly many jobs don't) the monotony of its obligatory exclusivity drains its ludic potential. A job that might engage the energies of some people, for a reasonably limited time, for the fun of it, is just a burden on those who have to do it for forty hours a week with no say in how it should be done, for the profit of owners who contribute nothing to the project, and with no opportunity for sharing tasks or spreading the work among those who actually have to do it. This is the real world of work: a world of bureaucratic blundering, of sexual harassment and discrimination, of bonehead bosses exploiting and scapegoating their subordinates who -- by any rational-technical criteria -- should be calling the shots. Paper Note! But capitalism in the real world subordinates the rational maximization of productivity and ut austin mba essays profit to the exigencies of organizational control. The degradation which most workers experience on the job is the sum of assorted indignities which can be denominated as discipline. Research! Foucault has complexified this phenomenon but it is mba essays simple enough. Discipline consists of the totality of totalitarian controls at the workplace -- surveillance, rotework, imposed work tempos, production quotas, punching -in and -out, etc.
Discipline is what the locke essay, factory and the office and the store share with the prison and the school and the mental hospital. It is something historically original and horrible. It was beyond the capacities of such demonic dictators of yore as Nero and Genghis Khan and Ivan the Terrible. Mba Essays! For all their bad intentions they just didn't have the machinery to control their subjects as thoroughly as modern despots do. Discipline is the distinctively diabolical modern mode of catcher in the rye language, control, it is an innovative intrusion which must be interdicted at the earliest opportunity. Such is mba essays work. Play is is the goal of a rhetorical analysis just the opposite.
Play is mba essays always voluntary. What might otherwise be play is work if it's forced. Twelfth True Love! This is axiomatic. Bernie de Koven has defined play as the suspension of consequences. This is ut austin mba essays unacceptable if it implies that play is inconsequential. The point is not that play is without consequences. This is to demean play. The point is that the scholarships no essay required, consequences, if any, are gratuitous. Playing and giving are closely related, they are the ut austin, behavioral and transactional facets of the same impulse, the play-instinct. Is The Thesis Statement For A! They share an aristocratic disdain for ut austin results. The player gets something out of scholarships required, playing; that's why he plays.
But the core reward is the ut austin mba essays, experience of the book symbols, activity itself (whatever it is). Some otherwise attentive students of play, like Johan Huizinga ( Homo Ludens ), define it as game-playing or following rules. I respect Huizinga's erudition but emphatically reject his constraints. There are many good games (chess, baseball, Monopoly, bridge) which are rule-governed but there is much more to play than game-playing. Ut Austin! Conversation, sex, dancing, travel -- these practices aren't rule-governed but they are surely play if anything is. And rules can be played with at least as readily as anything else. Work makes a mockery of freedom. The official line is that we all have rights and live in a democracy.
Other unfortunates who aren't free like we are have to live in police states. These victims obey orders or-else, no matter how arbitrary. The authorities keep them under regular surveillance. State bureaucrats control even the smaller details of book symbols, everyday life. The officials who push them around are answerable only to mba essays, higher-ups, public or private. Either way, dissent and disobedience are punished. Informers report regularly to the authorities. All this is supposed to be a very bad thing. And so it is, although it is nothing but a description of the locke concerning understanding, modern workplace.
The liberals and conservatives and libertarians who lament totalitarianism are phonies and hypocrites. There is more freedom in any moderately deStalinized dictatorship than there is in the ordinary American workplace. You find the same sort of hierarchy and ut austin mba essays discipline in an office or factory as you do in a prison or monastery. In fact, as Foucault and others have shown, prisons and factories came in at about the same time, and research taking their operators consciously borrowed from each other's control techniques. A worker is a part time slave. The boss says when to show up, when to mba essays, leave, and what to do in the meantime.
He tells you how much work to do and how fast. He is free to carry his control to humiliating extremes, regulating, if he feels like it, the clothes you wear or how often you go to in the, the bathroom. With a few exceptions he can fire you for any reason, or no reason. He has you spied on by snitches and mba essays supervisors, he amasses a dossier on with every employee. Talking back is called insubordination, just as if a worker is ut austin mba essays a naughty child, and it not only gets you fired, it disqualifies you for unemployment compensation. Without necessarily endorsing it for them either, it is noteworthy that children at home and in school receive much the same treatment, justified in their case by their supposed immaturity. What does this say about concerning human understanding rasa their parents and teachers who work? The demeaning system of domination I've described rules over half the waking hours of mba essays, a majority of women and the vast majority of men for decades, for most of their lifespans. For certain purposes it's not too misleading to call our system democracy or capitalism or -- better still -- industrialism, but its real names are factory fascism and office oligarchy.
Anybody who says these people are free is lying or stupid. You are what you do. Essay Concerning Understanding Tabula Rasa! If you do boring, stupid monotonous work, chances are you'll end up boring, stupid and monotonous. Work is a much better explanation for mba essays the creeping cretinization all around us than even such significant moronizing mechanisms as television and education. People who are regimented all their lives, handed off to work from school and bracketed by the family in the beginning and the nursing home at the end, are habituated to heirarchy and psychologically enslaved.
Their aptitude for catcher in the rye language essay autonomy is so atrophied that their fear of freedom is among their few rationally grounded phobias. Their obedience training at work carries over into the families they start, thus reproducing the system in more ways than one, and into politics, culture and everything else. Once you drain the vitality from people at work, they'll likely submit to heirarchy and expertise in everything. They're used to it. We are so close to mba essays, the world of work that we can't see what it does to us. We have to rely on outside observers from other times or other cultures to scholarships no essay, appreciate the extremity and the pathology of our present position. There was a time in our own past when the ut austin, work ethic would have been incomprehensible, and perhaps Weber was on to something when he tied its appearance to a religion, Calvinism, which if it emerged today instead of four centuries ago would immediately and appropriately be labeled a cult. Catcher In The Rye Language Essay! Be that as it may, we have only to draw upon the wisdom of antiquity to put work in perspective. Mba Essays! The ancients saw work for what it is, and their view prevailed, the Calvinist cranks notwithstanding, until overthrown by industrialism -- but not before receiving the endorsement of its prophets.
Let's pretend for a moment that work doesn't turn people into stultified submissives. Let's pretend, in defiance of any plausible psychology and the ideology of what is the of a statement for a rhetorical, its boosters, that it has no effect on the formation of ut austin, character. And let's pretend that work isn't as boring and tiring and is the goal of a thesis rhetorical humiliating as we all know it really is. Even then, work would still make a mockery of all humanistic and democratic aspirations, just because it usurps so much of our time. Mba Essays! Socrates said that manual laborers make bad friends and bad citizens because they have no time to fulfill the responsibilities of friendship and research paper note taking citizenship. He was right. Ut Austin Mba Essays! Because of what of a thesis rhetorical, work, no matter what we do we keep looking at our watches. The only thing free about ut austin mba essays so-called free time is locke essay concerning understanding tabula that it doesn't cost the ut austin, boss anything. Book Symbols! Free time is mostly devoted to getting ready for work, going to work, returning from mba essays, work, and recovering from scholarships with no essay required, work. Free time is a euphemism for mba essays the peculiar way labor as a factor of production not only transports itself at its own expense to and from the workplace but assumes primary responsibility for its own maintenance and repair. Research Paper! Coal and steel don't do that.
Lathes and typewriters don't do that. But workers do. No wonder Edward G. Robinson in ut austin, one of locke essay human understanding tabula rasa, his gangster movies exclaimed, Work is for saps! Both Plato and Xenophon attribute to Socrates and obviously share with him an awareness of the destructive effects of work on the worker as a citizen and a human being. Herodotus identified contempt for work as an ut austin mba essays attribute of the classical Greeks at the zenith of scholarships no essay required, their culture. To take only one Roman example, Cicero said that whoever gives his labor for money sells himself and puts himself in ut austin mba essays, the rank of slaves. His candor is now rare, but contemporary primitive societies which we are wont to locke essay understanding tabula rasa, look down upon mba essays have provided spokesmen who have enlightened Western anthropologists. The Kapauku of West Irian, according to Posposil, have a conception of goal of a thesis statement for a, balance in life and accordingly work only every other day, the day of rest designed to regain the lost power and ut austin mba essays health. Our ancestors, even as late as the no essay, eighteenth century when they were far along the mba essays, path to our present predicament, at least were aware of what we have forgotten, the underside of twelfth true essay, industrialization. Their religious devotion to St. Monday -- thus establishing a de facto five-day week 150-200 years before its legal consecration -- was the despair of the earliest factory owners.
They took a long time in submitting to ut austin, the tyranny of the bell, predecessor of the time clock. In fact it was necessary for a generation or two to replace adult males with women accustomed to obedience and children who could be molded to fit industrial needs. Even the exploited peasants of the ancient regime wrested substantial time back from their landlord's work. Catcher Rye Language! According to Lafargue, a fourth of the mba essays, French peasants' calendar was devoted to Sundays and holidays, and Chayanov's figures from essay, villages in Czarist Russia -- hardly a progressive society -- likewise show a fourth or fifth of peasants' days devoted to repose. Ut Austin! Controlling for productivity, we are obviously far behind these backward societies. The exploited muzhiks would wonder why any of us are working at all. So should we. To grasp the full enormity of our deterioration, however, consider the twelfth essay, earliest condition of ut austin, humanity, without government or property, when we wandered as hunter-gatherers. Hobbes surmised that life was then nasty, brutish and short. Others assume that life was a desperate unremitting struggle for subsistence, a war waged against a harsh Nature with death and disaster awaiting the unlucky or anyone who was unequal to the challenge of the struggle for existence.
Actually, that was all a projection of fears for the collapse of concerning human tabula, government authority over communities unaccustomed to doing without it, like the England of Hobbes during the ut austin, Civil War. Hobbes' compatriots had already encountered alternative forms of society which illustrated other ways of life -- in North America, particularly -- but already these were too remote from no essay required, their experience to be understandable. Ut Austin! (The lower orders, closer to the condition of the Indians, understood it better and often found it attractive. Throughout the seventeenth century, English settlers defected to Indian tribes or, captured in war, refused to return. But the in the, Indians no more defected to white settlements than Germans climb the Berlin Wall from the ut austin mba essays, west.) The survival of the fittest version -- the Thomas Huxley version -- of human tabula rasa, Darwinism was a better account of economic conditions in mba essays, Victorian England than it was of natural selection, as the anarchist Kropotkin showed in his book Mutual Aid, A Factor of Evolution . (Kropotkin was a scientist -- a geographer -- who'd had ample involuntary opportunity for fieldwork whilst exiled in research paper, Siberia: he knew what he was talking about.) Like most social and political theory, the story Hobbes and mba essays his successors told was really unacknowledged autobiography. The anthropologist Marshall Sahlins, surveying the data on contemporary hunter-gatherers, exploded the Hobbesian myth in an article entitled The Original Affluent Society. They work a lot less than we do, and their work is hard to distinguish from what we regard as play. Sahlins concluded that hunters and gatherers work less than we do; and night true essay rather than a continuous travail, the food quest is intermittent, leisure abundant, and there is a greater amount of ut austin mba essays, sleep in the daytime per capita per year than in any other condition of society. Research! They worked an ut austin average of four hours a day, assuming they were working at all.
Their labor, as it appears to true essay, us, was skilled labor which exercised their physical and ut austin intellectual capacities; unskilled labor on any large scale, as Sahlins says, is what goal of a thesis rhetorical analysis impossible except under industrialism. Thus it satisfied Friedrich Schiller's definition of mba essays, play, the only occasion on which man realizes his complete humanity by essay human, giving full play to both sides of ut austin mba essays, his twofold nature, thinking and feeling. As he put it: The animal works when deprivation is the twelfth night essay, mainspring of ut austin, its activity, and it plays when the fullness of book symbols, its strength is this mainspring, when superabundant life is its own stimulus to activity. (A modern version -- dubiously developmental -- is Abraham Maslow's counterposition of deficiency and growth motivation.) Play and freedom are, as regards production, coextensive. Even Marx, who belongs (for all his good intentions) in ut austin, the productivist pantheon, observed that the realm of freedom does not commence until the book symbols, point is passed where labor under the compulsion of necessity and external utility is required. He never could quite bring himself to identify this happy circumstance as what it is, the abolition of work -- it's rather anomalous, after all, to be pro-worker and anti-work -- but we can. The aspiration to go backwards or forwards to mba essays, a life without work is evident in every serious social or cultural history of pre-industrial Europe, among them M. Dorothy George's England In Transition and Peter Burke's Popular Culture in Early Modern Europe . Also pertinent is Daniel Bell's essay, Work and its Discontents, the first text, I believe, to refer to essay concerning understanding tabula, the revolt against work in so many words and, had it been understood, an important correction to the complacency ordinarily associated with the volume in which it was collected, The End of Ideology . Neither critics nor celebrants have noticed that Bell's end-of-ideology thesis signaled not the end of social unrest but the ut austin mba essays, beginning of a new, uncharted phase unconstrained and uninformed by ideology. It was Seymour Lipset (in Political Man ), not Bell, who announced at the same time that the locke human, fundamental problems of the Industrial Revolution have been solved, only ut austin a few years before the post- or meta-industrial discontents of college students drove Lipset from UC Berkeley to the relative (and temporary) tranquility of in the, Harvard.
As Bell notes, Adam Smith in The Wealth of Nations , for all his enthusiasm for the market and the division of labor, was more alert to (and more honest about) the seamy side of work than Ayn Rand or the Chicago economists or any of Smith's modern epigones. As Smith observed: The understandings of the greater part of men are necessarily formed by ut austin, their ordinary employments. The man whose life is spent in performing a few simple operations. has no occasion to exert his understanding. True Essay! He generally becomes as stupid and ignorant as it is ut austin mba essays possible for a human creature to become. Here, in a few blunt words, is my critique of work. Bell, writing in 1956, the Golden Age of scholarships required, Eisenhower imbecility and mba essays American self-satisfaction, identified the unorganized, unorganizable malaise of the 1970's and in the rye language since, the one no political tendency is able to harness, the one identified in HEW's report Work in America , the one which cannot be exploited and so is ignored. That problem is the revolt against work. It does not figure in any text by any laissez-faire economist -- Milton Friedman, Murray Rothbard, Richard Posner -- because, in their terms, as they used to say on Star Trek , it does not compute.
If these objections, informed by the love of liberty, fail to persuade humanists of a utilitarian or even paternalist turn, there are others which they cannot disregard. Work is hazardous to your health, to borrow a book title. In fact, work is mass murder or genocide. Directly or indirectly, work will kill most of the ut austin mba essays, people who read these words. Between 14,000 and 25,000 workers are killed annually in this country on the job. Over two million are disabled. Twenty to twenty-five million are injured every year. And these figures are based on a very conservative estimation of what constitutes a work-related injury. Thus they don't count the half million cases of occupational disease every year. I looked at book symbols, one medical textbook on occupational diseases which was 1,200 pages long.
Even this barely scratches the surface. The available statistics count the obvious cases like the ut austin mba essays, 100,000 miners who have black lung disease, of whom 4,000 die every year, a much higher fatality rate than for AIDS, for instance, which gets so much media attention. This reflects the unvoiced assumption that AIDS afflicts perverts who could control their depravity whereas coal-mining is a sacrosanct activity beyond question. What the statistics don't show is that tens of millions of people have heir lifespans shortened by work -- which is all that homicide means, after all. Consider the locke concerning human, doctors who work themselves to death in their 50's. Consider all the other workaholics.
Even if you aren't killed or crippled while actually working, you very well might be while going to work, coming from work, looking for ut austin work, or trying to forget about work. The vast majority of book symbols, victims of the automobile are either doing one of these work-obligatory activities or else fall afoul of those who do them. To this augmented body-count must be added the victims of auto-industrial pollution and work-induced alcoholism and drug addiction. Ut Austin Mba Essays! Both cancer and heart disease are modern afflictions normally traceable, directly, or indirectly, to work. Work, then, institutionalizes homicide as a way of life. People think the Cambodians were crazy for exterminating themselves, but are we any different? The Pol Pot regime at least had a vision, however blurred, of an egalitarian society. We kill people in the six-figure range (at least) in order to sell Big Macs and Cadillacs to the survivors. Our forty or fifty thousand annual highway fatalities are victims, not martyrs. They died for nothing -- or rather, they died for work. With No Essay Required! But work is nothing to mba essays, die for.
Bad news for liberals: regulatory tinkering is essay concerning rasa useless in this life-and-death context. The federal Occupational Safety and ut austin mba essays Health Administration was designed to police the core part of the problem, workplace safety. Even before Reagan and the Supreme Court stifled it, OSHA was a farce. At previous and (by current standards) generous Carter-era funding levels, a workplace could expect a random visit from an OSHA inspector once every 46 years. State control of the economy is goal of a for a analysis no solution. Work is, if anything, more dangerous in ut austin, the state-socialist countries than it is here. Thousands of what is the of a thesis rhetorical analysis, Russian workers were killed or injured building the Moscow subway. Stories reverberate about ut austin mba essays covered-up Soviet nuclear disasters which make Times Beach and Three-Mile Island look like elementary-school air-raid drills. On the other hand, deregulation, currently fashionable, won't help and will probably hurt. From a health and safety standpoint, among others, work was at its worst in the days when the economy most closely approximated laissez-faire.
Historians like Eugene Genovese have argued persuasively that -- as antebellum slavery apologists insisted -- factory wage-workers in the Northern American states and in Europe were worse off than Southern plantation slaves. No rearrangement of relations among bureaucrats and businessmen seems to make much difference at the point of production. Serious enforcement of even the rather vague standards enforceable in theory by OSHA would probably bring the economy to a standstill. The enforcers apparently appreciate this, since they don't even try to crack down on most malefactors. What I've said so far ought not to be controversial. Book Symbols! Many workers are fed up with work. Ut Austin! There are high and rising rates of essay, absenteeism, turnover, employee theft and sabotage, wildcat strikes, and overall goldbricking on the job. There may be some movement toward a conscious and not just visceral rejection of work. And yet the prevalent feeling, universal among bosses and their agents and also widespread among workers themselves is mba essays that work itself is inevitable and necessary. I disagree.
It is research paper note taking now possible to abolish work and replace it, insofar as it serves useful purposes, with a multitude of new kinds of free activities. To abolish work requires going at it from two directions, quantitative and ut austin mba essays qualitative. On the one hand, on the quantitative side, we have to cut down massively on the amount of work being done. At present most work is useless or worse and we should simply get rid of locke essay understanding rasa, it. On the other hand -- and I think this is the crux of the matter and the revolutionary new departure -- we have to take what useful work remains and transform it into a pleasing variety of game-like and craft-like pastimes, indistinguishable from other pleasurable pastimes, except that they happen to ut austin mba essays, yield useful end-products. Surely that shouldn't make them less enticing to do. Then all the artificial barriers of is the thesis statement, power and property could come down.
Creation could become recreation. And we could all stop being afraid of each other. I don't suggest that most work is salvageable in this way. But then most work isn't worth trying to ut austin, save. Only a small and concerning tabula diminishing fraction of work serves any useful purpose independent of the defense and reproduction of the ut austin, work-system and its political and legal appendages.
Twenty years ago, Paul and Percival Goodman estimated that just five percent of the work then being done -- presumably the figure, if accurate, is lower now -- would satisfy our minimal needs for food, clothing, and shelter. Theirs was only an educated guess but the main point is quite clear: directly or indirectly, most work serves the with required, unproductive purposes of commerce or social control. Right off the bat we can liberate tens of millions of salesmen, soldiers, managers, cops, stockbrokers, clergymen, bankers, lawyers, teachers, landlords, security guards, ad-men and everyone who works for them. There is a snowball effect since every time you idle some bigshot you liberate his flunkeys and underlings also. Thus the economy implodes . Forty percent of the mba essays, workforce are white-collar workers, most of whom have some of the most tedious and idiotic jobs ever concocted. Entire industries, insurance and locke essay human understanding rasa banking and ut austin mba essays real estate for instance, consist of nothing but useless paper-shuffling. Research Paper Taking! It is no accident that the ut austin mba essays, tertiary sector, the catcher, service sector, is ut austin mba essays growing while the secondary sector (industry) stagnates and the primary sector (agriculture) nearly disappears. Because work is unnecessary except to those whose power it secures, workers are shifted from relatively useful to relatively useless occupations as a measure to assure public order. Anything is better than nothing. That's why you can't go home just because you finish early. They want your time , enough of it to locke tabula, make you theirs, even if they have no use for most of it.
Otherwise why hasn't the average work week gone down by more than a few minutes in the past fifty years? Next we can take a meat-cleaver to ut austin mba essays, production work itself. No more war production, nuclear power, junk food, feminine hygiene deodorant -- and above all, no more auto industry to scholarships with, speak of. An occasional Stanley Steamer or Model-T might be all right, but the auto-eroticism on ut austin which such pestholes as Detroit and Los Angeles depend on is out of the question. Twelfth Night! Already, without even trying, we've virtually solved the energy crisis, the ut austin mba essays, environmental crisis and assorted other insoluble social problems. Finally, we must do away with far and away the largest occupation, the one with the research paper taking, longest hours, the lowest pay and some of the ut austin, most tedious tasks around. I refer to locke essay tabula, housewives doing housework and child-rearing. By abolishing wage-labor and achieving full unemployment we undermine the sexual division of labor. The nuclear family as we know it is an inevitable adaptation to ut austin mba essays, the division of scholarships required, labor imposed by modern wage-work. Like it or not, as things have been for ut austin mba essays the last century or two it is economically rational for paper taking the man to bring home the bacon, for the woman to do the mba essays, shitwork to provide him with a haven in scholarships with required, a heartless world, and for ut austin mba essays the children to locke essay understanding rasa, be marched off to youth concentration camps called schools, primarily to keep them out of Mom's hair but still under control, but incidentally to acquire the habits of mba essays, obedience and punctuality so necessary for essay workers. If you would be rid of mba essays, patriarchy, get rid of the nuclear family whose unpaid shadow work, as Ivan Illich says, makes possible the work-system that makes it necessary.
Bound up with this no-nukes strategy is the abolition of childhood and the closing of the schools. There are more full-time students than full-time workers in in the rye language, this country. We need children as teachers, not students. They have a lot to contribute to the ludic revolution because they're better at playing than grown-ups are. Adults and ut austin mba essays children are not identical but they will become equal through interdependence. Only play can bridge the generation gap. I haven't as yet even mentioned the book symbols, possibility of mba essays, cutting way down on the little work that remains by automating and cybernizing it. Locke Essay Human Understanding Tabula Rasa! All the scientists and engineers and technicians freed from bothering with war research and planned obsolescence would have a good time devising means to eliminate fatigue and tedium and danger from activities like mining.
Undoubtedly they'll find other projects to amuse themselves with. Perhaps they'll set up world-wide all-inclusive multi-media communications systems or found space colonies. Perhaps. I myself am no gadget freak. I wouldn't care to live in a pushbutton paradise. I don't want robot slaves to do everything; I want to do things myself. There is, I think, a place for labor-saving technology, but a modest place. The historical and pre-historical record is not encouraging.
When productive technology went from hunting-gathering to agriculture and on to industry, work increased while skills and self-determination diminished. The further evolution of industrialism has accentuated what Harry Braverman called the degradation of work. Intelligent observers have always been aware of this. John Stuart Mill wrote that all the labor-saving inventions ever devised haven't saved a moment's labor. Karl Marx wrote that it would be possible to write a history of the inventions, made since 1830, for the sole purpose of supplying capital with weapons against the revolts of the ut austin, working class. The enthusiastic technophiles -- Saint-Simon, Comte, Lenin, B. F. Skinner -- have always been unabashed authoritarians also; which is to say, technocrats. We should be more than sceptical about the promises of the computer mystics. They work like dogs; chances are, if they have their way, so will the rest of us. But if they have any particularized contributions more readily subordinated to human purposes than the run of high tech, let's give them a hearing.
What I really want to see is work turned into play. A first step is to concerning human understanding rasa, discard the notions of mba essays, a job and an occupation. Even activities that already have some ludic content lose most of what statement rhetorical analysis, it by being reduced to jobs which certain people, and only those people are forced to do to the exclusion of all else. Is it not odd that farm workers toil painfully in mba essays, the fields while their air-conditioned masters go home every weekend and putter about in their gardens? Under a system of permanent revelry, we will witness the Golden Age of the dilettante which will put the Renaissance to shame. There won't be any more jobs, just things to do and locke essay concerning rasa people to do them. The secret of turning work into play, as Charles Fourier demonstrated, is to arrange useful activities to take advantage of whatever it is that various people at various times in fact enjoy doing. To make it possible for some people to do the things they could enjoy it will be enough just to eradicate the ut austin, irrationalities and what of a for a distortions which afflict these activities when they are reduced to work. I, for ut austin mba essays instance, would enjoy doing some (not too much) teaching, but I don't want coerced students and I don't care to suck up to pathetic pedants for tenure. Second, there are some things that people like to night love, do from ut austin, time to time, but not for too long, and certainly not all the book symbols, time.
You might enjoy baby-sitting for a few hours in order to share the company of kids, but not as much as their parents do. The parents meanwhile, profoundly appreciate the time to themselves that you free up for them, although they'd get fretful if parted from their progeny for too long. These differences among individuals are what make a life of free play possible. The same principle applies to many other areas of activity, especially the primal ones. Thus many people enjoy cooking when they can practice it seriously at their leisure, but not when they're just fueling up human bodies for work. Third -- other things being equal -- some things that are unsatisfying if done by yourself or in unpleasant surroundings or at ut austin mba essays, the orders of an overlord are enjoyable, at book symbols, least for a while, if these circumstances are changed. This is probably true, to some extent, of ut austin mba essays, all work. No Essay! People deploy their otherwise wasted ingenuity to make a game of the least inviting drudge-jobs as best they can. Activities that appeal to mba essays, some people don't always appeal to all others, but everyone at least potentially has a variety of interests and an interest in variety. As the saying goes, anything once. Fourier was the master at speculating how aberrant and perverse penchants could be put to use in post-civilized society, what he called Harmony.
He thought the Emperor Nero would have turned out all right if as a child he could have indulged his taste for rye language bloodshed by working in a slaughterhouse. Small children who notoriously relish wallowing in ut austin mba essays, filth could be organized in Little Hordes to clean toilets and empty the garbage, with medals awarded to the outstanding. I am not arguing for these precise examples but for the underlying principle, which I think makes perfect sense as one dimension of an tabula overall revolutionary transformation. Bear in mind that we don't have to take today's work just as we find it and mba essays match it up with the proper people, some of whom would have to be perverse indeed. If technology has a role in research paper note taking, all this it is less to automate work out of existence than to open up new realms for re/creation. To some extent we may want to return to handicrafts, which William Morris considered a probable and desirable upshot of communist revolution. Art would be taken back from the snobs and collectors, abolished as a specialized department catering to an elite audience, and its qualities of beauty and creation restored to ut austin mba essays, integral life from which they were stolen by work.
It's a sobering thought that the grecian urns we write odes about and showcase in museums were used in their own time to store olive oil. No Essay Required! I doubt our everyday artifacts will fare as well in the future, if there is one. The point is that there's no such thing as progress in the world of work; if anything it's just the opposite. We shouldn't hesitate to pilfer the past for what it has to offer, the ancients lose nothing yet we are enriched. The reinvention of mba essays, daily life means marching off the edge of our maps. There is, it is true, more suggestive speculation than most people suspect.
Besides Fourier and Morris -- and even a hint, here and there, in Marx -- there are the writings of Kropotkin, the essay tabula rasa, syndicalists Pataud and Pouget, anarcho-communists old (Berkman) and new (Bookchin). Ut Austin! The Goodman brothers' Communitas is exemplary for illustrating what forms follow from given functions (purposes), and there is something to be gleaned from the often hazy heralds of in the rye language essay, alternative/appropriate/intermediate/convivial technology, like Schumacher and especially Illich, once you disconnect their fog machines. Mba Essays! The situationists -- as represented by Vaneigem's Revolution of Daily Life and in the Situationist International Anthology -- are so ruthlessly lucid as to be exhilarating, even if they never did quite square the in the rye language essay, endorsement of the rule of the worker's councils with the ut austin mba essays, abolition of work. Better their incongruity, though than any extant version of rye language essay, leftism, whose devotees look to be the last champions of work, for ut austin mba essays if there were no work there would be no workers, and without workers, who would the left have to organize? So the abolitionists would be largely on their own. No one can say what would result from unleashing the creative power stultified by book symbols, work. Anything can happen.
The tiresome debater's problem of freedom vs. necessity, with its theological overtones, resolves itself practically once the production of use-values is coextensive with the consumption of delightful play-activity. Life will become a game, or rather many games, but not -- as it is now - -- a zero/sum game. An optimal sexual encounter is the paradigm of productive play, The participants potentiate each other's pleasures, nobody keeps score, and mba essays everybody wins. The more you give, the more you get. In the what goal statement, ludic life, the ut austin mba essays, best of sex will diffuse into the better part of locke concerning human rasa, daily life. Generalized play leads to the libidinization of life. Sex, in turn, can become less urgent and desperate, more playful. If we play our cards right, we can all get more out of life than we put into it; but only if we play for mba essays keeps.
No one should ever work. Workers of the world. relax ! [ This is a typed-in version of Bob Black's 1985 essay, The Abolition of Work, which appeared in his anthology of essays, The Abolition of Work and Other Essays, published by Loompanics Unlimited, Port Townsend WA 98368 [ISBN 0-915179-41-5]. The following disclaimer is reproduced from the verso of the title page: Not Copyrighted. Any of the no essay required, material in mba essays, this book may be freely reproduced, translated or adapted, even without mentioning the source. ]
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GNU Emacs : quelques extensions (premiere partie) Pour son premier journal, ptitjano a decide de nous parler de GNU Emacs, et nous on ut austin mba essays, a decide d'en faire une depeche : au menu de cette premiere liste d'extensions, un gestionnaire de paquets, une meilleure navigation parmi les buffers, un M-x ameliore, la liste des derniers fichiers ouverts, l'insertion simple de templates, la completion visuelle, le classement des buffers en categories et la recherche dans les buffers ouverts. GNU Emacs 24.4 devrait sortir le 20 octobre 2014 mais j'ai l'impression qu'on en parle trop peu sur ces pages (on peut tout de meme trouver quelques journaux recents, notamment « des prompteurs pour Emacs », « peigner la girafe, BPM » ou « Emacs 24 toute resistance est inutile). Love Essay? J'ai donc decide d'apporter ma pierre a l'edifice. Ut Austin Mba Essays? (Certains elements reprennent d'ailleurs des astuces ou des commentaires des journaux precedemment cites). On utilisera dans ce journal la meme convention que celle de xaccrocheur : C : (Control) la touche Ctrl ; M : (Meta) la touche ALT ; S : (Shift) la touche Maj ; s : (Super) la touche WIN ; SPC : (Space) la touche Espace ; buffer : Un… heu… buffer. Package.el : un gestionnaire de packages. Emacs 24 a introduit un gestionnaire de packages. Locke Essay Understanding? On peut maintenant installer des packages automatiquement pour ajouter de nouvelles fonctionnalites sans quitter son Emacs cheri.
Ajout de depots et initialisation. Il suffit de rajouter ces quelques lignes a son .emacs : lister tous les packages : M-x list-packages ; installer un package : M-x package-install Entree package Entree . Un article tres complet sur le sujet est disponible chez Xah Lee. Ido : une meilleure navigation parmi les buffers. Ido pour Interactively DO things est un mode qui permet de naviguer entre les fichiers et les buffers d'Emacs de maniere beaucoup plus rapide en surchargeant ces differentes operations. Ut Austin Mba Essays? Il est disponible par defaut depuis Emacs 22 (soit juin 2007). A ajouter dans son .emacs : changer de buffer : C-x b premieres lettre puis Entree pour selectionner le candidat courant ; on scholarships with, peut naviguer entre les differents candidats avec C-s (suivant) et C-r (precedent) ; Tab affiche la liste des candidats dans un nouveau buffer ; ouvrir un nouveau fichier : C-x C-f ; Retour arriere pour aller au repertoire parent ; afficher un buffer dired dans le repertoire courant : C-d ; creer un nouveau sous-repertoire : M-m ; forcer la creation d'un nouveau fichier avec le nom entre : C-j . Il suffit de l'essayer pour comprendre immediatement son utilite. Un article complet de presentation et quelques astuces sont disponibles chez masteringemacs. Ido-ubiquitous : obtenir ido partout. Le mecanisme d' ido n'est disponible que pour find-files et la navigation entre les buffers. Ut Austin? On aimerait pourtant l'utiliser partout.
Heureusement, ido-ubiquitous ajoute cette possibilite. Catcher Rye Language? Il va remplacer le systeme de completion natif d'Emacs des que possible. Mba Essays? Il sera donc disponible pour tous les packages utilisant ce mecanisme. Pour l'installer, on in the rye language, passe par package.el : M-x package-install Entree ido-ubiquitous Entree. On rajoute ensuite dans son .emacs : D'apres certains gourous d'Emacs il est necessaire de rajouter quelques lignes pour assurer le bon fonctionnement d'ido-ubiquitous avec les versions les plus recentes de certains packages. Ut Austin Mba Essays? Faisons leur confiance : Smex ou M-x ameliore a la sauce ido. Smex est une extension fort utile d' ido . Scholarships No Essay? En effet, ce dernier est tres pratique mais on ut austin, aimerait bien pouvoir l'utiliser lors de l'appel de fonctions ( M-x ). Goal Of A Thesis Statement For A Rhetorical? C'est ici que smex entre en jeu : il surcharge la commande M-x. N'etant pas disponible par defaut, il est necessaire de l'installer. Ut Austin Mba Essays? Heureusement, on scholarships with required, dispose d'un gestionnaire de packages pour automatiser la tache : M-x package-install Entree smex Entree.
Les sources de smex sont disponibles chez Github. Rajouter dans son .emacs : Recentf : obtenir la liste des derniers fichiers ouverts. Il est possible de demander a Emacs de garder la trace des derniers fichiers ouverts en utilisant recentf (integre depuis Emacs 21). Mba Essays? Il suffit de quelques lignes dans son .emacs : la fonction ido-recentf-open permet d'obtenir une liste de ces fichiers : M-x ido-recentf-open . Rye Language Essay? On peut bien entendu lui assigner un raccourci clavier : Yasnippet : inserer des templates simplement. Yasnippet est un systeme de gestion de templates. Ut Austin Mba Essays? Il permet d'inserer un morceau de texte en tapant une abreviation. Is The Goal Of A Analysis? Ces abreviations dependent du mode du buffer actif. Pour l'installation, il suffit de faire confiance a package.el : M-x package-install Entree yasnippet Entree.
Pour l'activer, comme toujours, quelques lignes sont necessaires dans son .emacs : Pour inserer un template : Tab (pour yas/expand) De nombreux templates sont definis par defaut pour la plupart des modes (C/C++, HTML, Perl, Python, latex, Markdown, Ruby, SQL, CSS, etc.) Bien entendu, il est possible d'ajouter ses propres templates (des explications completes ici). On peut egalement trouver un nombre incalculable de templates sur le web. Ut Austin? Il peut etre utile de les rajouter dans un sous-repertoire de son emacs.d . Scholarships With No Essay Required? On les chargera ensuite depuis son .emacs : Auto-complete : une completion visuelle. Auto-complete est un mode qui permet d'afficher et de trier des candidats a la completion de la saisie courante. Mba Essays? L'un de ces points forts est qu'il est possible de fournir et trier les candidats a la selection. Rien de bien extraordinaire avec package.el : M-x package-install Entree auto-complete Entree. Pour l'activer, il suffit d'ajouter deux lignes a son .emacs : Pour naviguer plus facilement entre les candidats : Il est par ailleurs possible d'etendre la liste des candidats pour un mode donne avec d'autres packages (par exemple auto-complete-octave pour le mode octave). Utiliser ido et auto-complete ensemble. Il est necessaire d'activer ido avant auto-complete dans son .emacs . What Is The Goal Of A Rhetorical? Pour que les deux cohabitent harmonieusement, on mba essays, ajoutera ces quelques lignes a la configuration d' auto-complete : Ibuffer : gerer ses buffers intelligemment.
Ibuffer permet d'afficher et manipuler la liste de tous les buffers ouverts de la meme maniere que dired pour les repertoires. Research Note? Il est partie integrante d'Emacs depuis la version 22. Mba Essays? Il n'y a donc rien a installer. Catcher Rye Language? La configuration est fort simple. Ut Austin Mba Essays? Comme toujours, cela se passe dans son .emacs : Classer ses buffers en categories. L'une des fonctionnalites les plus interessantes de ibuffer est la possibilite de trier les buffers ouverts suivant differentes categories que l'on peut personnaliser. Locke Essay Concerning Tabula Rasa? Par exemple, (code tire de emacs-fu) : Occur : faire un grep sur les buffers ouverts. Le mode occur permet d'obtenir la liste de toutes les lignes contenant une expression reguliere.
Cette liste s'affiche dans un nouveau buffer (*Occur*) et la recherche se limite au buffer actif. Mba Essays? Pour l'appeler, rien de plus simple : M-x occur Entree expression-a-chercher Entree. Pour chercher une occurrence dans plusieurs buffers, on scholarships with no essay required, peut utiliser la commande M-x mutli-occur . masteringemacs propose une personnalisation permettant de rechercher l'expression reguliere parmi tous les buffers ouverts du meme mode que le buffer actif. Mba Essays? Son code est le suivant : Il est temps de s'arreter pour cette premiere partie. Research Paper Taking? Au prochain episode, on ut austin, presentera notamment uniquify , iedit , flycheck , jedi (pas le chevalier), org-mode et ace-window . Poste par dzecniv le 14/10/14 a 15:29 . Research Paper Taking? Evalue a 4 . Dans les commentaires du journal on ut austin, a parle de starter kits pour ceux qui souhaitent bien commencer (plein de bonnes choses de bien configurees). Book Symbols? Et moi je recommande Prelude: https://github.com/bbatsov/prelude. Poste par dzecniv le 14/10/14 a 15:56 . Mba Essays? Evalue a 2 . Je me retiens de parler de toutes mes extensions preferees, mais juste une chose: que ceux qui preferent l'edition modale de vim essayent l'emulation de evil-mode: C'est faire la paix dans le monde en pactisant avec le demon. Research Paper Note? N'est-ce pas tentant ? Poste par rdhlnn le 14/10/14 a 20:24 . Ut Austin Mba Essays? Evalue a 4 . Je ne m'explique vraiment pas la popularite croissante de vim par rapport a Emacs. Twelfth Night True? D'accord, l'edition modale, l'ubiquite, mais cette popularite me semble un peu disproportionnee. Ut Austin Mba Essays? Ou alors c'etait deja comme ca avant…
Je dis tout ca, suite a ce sondage que j'ai decouvert sur developpez.com. Pourtant Auctex/reftex me semblait reellement etre plus performant que vim pour le LaTeX. Essay? Je dirais meme qu'avec Org-mode et ESS, ce sont les arguments de poids pour Emacs. Cette impression de preference pour vim, on ut austin mba essays, peut la retrouver sur Stack Overflow ou AlternativeTo.net. J'ai rate quelque chose ? Un effet de mode ? Ou c'est juste pour enerver Richard ? Poste par Samaelh le 14/10/14 a 21:32 . Twelfth Night True Love Essay? Evalue a 6 . Je connais peu – mais alors vraiment tres peu – Emacs, mais j'ai eu l'occasion d'utiliser Vim quotidiennement au boulot pendant deux mois, et j'essaye de m'exercer a titre personnel. Mba Essays? Ce que j'ai adore avec cet editeur de texte, c'est le cote tres « semantique » de son utilisation. Je veux remplacer la chaine de caractere Bowties are cool. / me fait passer en mode recherche. Bow suivi de [entree] me positionne sur le B de Bowties.
ci , pour c hange i nner supprime tout le texte entre les guillemets et me passe en mode edition a cet endroit. Le truc qui est bien, c'est qu'on peut combiner les commandes : diw pour delete inner word, dt$ pour delete to book symbols, $ (le symbole dollar represente la fin de la ligne), etc… C'est bete, et c'est vraiment la base de la base, mais c'est super rapide et agreable a l'utilisation. Ut Austin? Et ca donne une reelle impression de « fluidite » dans le travail. With No Essay? Apres, je suppose qu'Emacs a aussi ce genre d'options, mais je pense que Vim seduit parce qu'au-dela de son aspect hyper-epure (pour ne pas dire limite rebarbatif), il se revele une fois compris ses mecanismes de base d'une efficacite redoutable. Poste par BAud (page perso) le 15/10/14 a 11:00 . Mba Essays? Evalue a 4 . il se revele une fois compris ses mecanismes de base d'une efficacite redoutable. un peu comme Emacs, rha si seulement il incluait un editeur de texte ! Poste par ckiller le 14/10/14 a 21:32 . Book Symbols? Evalue a 0 . Superbe journal, emacs, bien que possedant quelques vieilleries est un superbe editeur. je vous conseille fastnav, un module qui est bien, je ne peux plus m'en separer. Youpi, et il fait quoi ? Poste par ptitjano le 15/10/14 a 13:46 . Ut Austin Mba Essays? Evalue a 1 . Si j'ai bien compris (je ne l'ai pas teste) il permet une navigation rapide dans un buffer. Personnellement, j'utilise ace-jump-mode. Book Symbols? On peut voir une video de demonstration chez Emacs Rocks!
Poste par ckiller le 15/10/14 a 20:40 . Mba Essays? Evalue a 0 . tu cliques sur le lien. Concerning Human Tabula Rasa? Ca s'appelle le web. Apres, si tu as la flemme, tu peux tenter une interpretation. fast et nav… ODIL. Poste par BAud (page perso) le 15/10/14 a 21:42 . Ut Austin? Evalue a 4 . O, D, I et maintenant L. Book Symbols? ODIL, qu'est-ce que ca peut bien vouloir dire ? Si ca t'emmerde, ne poste pas garcon… Poste par ckiller le 16/10/14 a 01:12 . Mba Essays? Evalue a -7 . Research Paper Note? Derniere modification le 16/10/14 a 01:13. ta reaction d'abruti d'assiste m'emmerde. maintenant, parlons emacs a la place de troller comme un goret et venir pourrir l'excellent journal de ptitjano
Poste par Benoit Sibaud (page perso) le 16/10/14 a 09:00 . Ut Austin? Evalue a 5 . Merci de rester courtois dans les echanges. Qui es-tu donc pour venir me taxer d'assiste ? On se connait d'ou ? Je poste avec ma veritable identite et ne me cache pas derriere un pseudo pour insulter autrui. Goal Thesis For A Rhetorical? Fais-en de meme pour que je puisse savoir a qui j'ai a faire. Tu sais, si tu le souhaites, un bon vieux M-x doctor RET peut soulager ta condition de frustre. Allez, C-x C-c l'ami. Poste par ckiller le 17/10/14 a 10:11 . Mba Essays? Evalue a 1 . Tout ce fil de discussion est hallucinant de betise et totalement disproportionne, tu en fais des caisses pour une information qui est disponible en 1 clic. Objectivement, tu aurais pu ajouter en commentaire les informations que tu estimais manquantes au lieu de jouer sur le registre de la condescendance et de l'orgueil mal place. Locke Concerning Tabula? C'est ca l'esprit du logiciel libre, et c'est dans cette esprit que j'ai tente de faire decouvrir une extension que j'appreciais. Ut Austin Mba Essays? ptitjano a eu cette curiosite, a ajoute un commentaire et a fait le job a ta place. Et comme justement, tu postes sous ton vrai nom, je vais me permettre de t'adresser ce dernier conseil : Linuxfr etant bien reference, tu devrais eviter ce genre de comportement agressif, tu ignores qui va lire ces lignes et dans combien de temps. Et comme justement, tu postes sous ton vrai nom, je vais me permettre de t'adresser ce dernier conseil : Linuxfr etant bien reference, tu devrais eviter ce genre de comportement agressif, tu ignores qui va lire ces lignes et dans combien de temps. En gros, vu que tu es bien plus agressif que lui initialement (tu es dans l'insulte directe) mais que tu postes sous pseudo, ca signifie que tu assumes totalement le fait de passer par un pseudo pour pouvoir insulter mais que si tu utilisais ton vrai nom, tu le serais moins.
C'est d'un cynisme absolu et ca rend ton personnage ici assez debectable, mais c'est coherent :) Je trouve que cette mode est juste horrible transposee dans le monde GNU Emacs. Je ne vois pas ce que le wget/tar/cp/.emacs a de si complique pour un utilisateur qui se lance. Is The Goal Of A Thesis Rhetorical? Apres tout, ce n'est pas n'importe qui qui part dans l'idee d'utiliser GNU emacs et je pense qu'il doit etre au moins capable de lire la doc (faire les tutoriel, etc) et donc d'installer ses extensions manuellement sans recourir a des gestionnaires de package. Perso, je ne leur trouve aucun interet et pire, je les trouve bien intrusif pour ce qu'ils sont. Sus a M-x install-package co. Voila, c'est mon coup de gueule de vieux con (oui ca fait un petit moment que je vis dans GNU emacs)
Poste par fredzz (page perso) le 15/10/14 a 09:28 . Mba Essays? Evalue a 3 . La gestion des dependances et les mises a jour ? Un .emacs ca se cherit :) Comment faisait-on avant ? :P. Perso, il aurait plus tendance a se mettre dans mes pattes qu'a me rendre service. Bon ok, je ne suis pas non plus le plus gros consommateur d'extensions non officielles, je me contente de quelques unes que je mets dans un repertoire particulier lorsque je les personnalise. True Love? Je fais rarement les mises a jour; je me fabrique mes propres MAJ. Ut Austin? Parfois je fais un envoie upstream mais la plupart du temps, non.
Poste par bastien (page perso) le 15/10/14 a 09:39 . Scholarships With? Evalue a 2 . Je me suis fait la meme reflexion, cela dit, ca s'est revele pratique lorsque j'ai eu a configurer emacs sur des postes tiers. - Ceux qui ne l'utilisent pas ne verrons pas de differences avec avant (a ma connaissance) et pourront continuer a faire des (add-to-list 'load-path …) - Ceux qui commencent a pratiquer emacs l'utiliseront eventuellement, seront content d'arriver rapidement a un environnement qui leur convient et auront un apprentissage un peu plus doux des joyeusetes elispienne. Au mieux, on ut austin mba essays, aime, au pire, on book symbols, ignore. Ut Austin? Personnellement, j'ai un mix des deux. Tres bonne depeche, en passant, j'ai decouvert des extensions a la lecture :). Peut-etre que c'est pratique pour ceux qui veulent utiliser emacs sans mettre trop les mains dans le cambouis ou bien qui ne veulent pas se casser l'oignon lorsqu'ils veulent l'utiliser quelque part et qu'ils n'ont pas acces a leur .emacs et l'envie de refaire des wget/tar/cp etc.
Oui, je sais, c'est assez deroutant de se dire qu'on peut avoir envie d'utiliser emacs sans se faire de mal. Catcher In The? Quelle utilisation horrible de cet editeur que de vouloir se simplifier la vie ! Poste par ptitjano le 15/10/14 a 13:52 . Ut Austin? Evalue a 1 . Il me paraissait tout de meme important de presenter le gestionnaire de paquets qui est une des nouveautes les plus visibles de Emacs 24 (longtemps decrie, il est finalement arrive). Locke Essay Concerning Human Understanding Tabula? Si c'est pour ensuite ecrire dans les installations, de passer par des wget/cp/add-to-list, ca me paraissait pas tres coherent ;) Je suis egalement un gros partisan de l'installation manuelle et de la personnalisation a outrance de son .emacs. Ah mais je ne critique pas ton article, je donne simplement mon opinion sur le fait meme d'avoir ce genre de chose sur mon vieil ami que je trimballe depuis 1995 ou 1996 ! (oh puree je suis un vieux machin !) # Mes incontournables, que dis-je, mes indispensables.
Ce ne sont pas forcement des extensions au sens ou l'entend ptitjano puisqu'ils font partie de la distribution officielle de GNU emacs, mais il est de bon ton de les citer tout de meme: Dans les extensions qui me sont tout aussi indispensables quotidiennement: GNU eev (un accelerateur pour mon boulot de DBA: prises de notes (SQL, PL, script, …), executions de script ligne par ligne, ouverture de canaux sur mes bases depuis mes buffers, etc.) GNU eev est un ovni dans mon ecosysteme. Mba Essays? Il est redoutable jabber-el. Par contre, j'ai horreur des bidules type auto-complete, yasnippet et compagnie. Je vais tester smex que je ne connais que de nom et j'aimerais un jour tester anything. Mais bon, il n'y a pas assez d'une vie pour tout tester/utiliser/maitriser dans GNU emacs. [^] # Re: Mes incontournables, que dis-je, mes indispensables. Poste par ptitjano le 15/10/14 a 14:13 . Thesis Statement For A Rhetorical? Evalue a 1 . Ut Austin Mba Essays? Derniere modification le 15/10/14 a 14:18.
Je pense qu'il est existe une difference entre des extensions de type ido/smex/uniquify et gnus/jabber-el/eshell. La premiere categorie d'extensions (dans le sens etendre les possibilites immediates d'Emacs) enrichit l'utilisation directe que l'on a d'Emacs (mieux naviguer dans un texte, editer plus rapidement un fichier, etc) alors que la seconde vient ramener dans le giron d'Emacs des choses que l'on faisait habituellement a l'exterieur d'Emacs (consulter ses mails, taper des lignes de commandes dans un terminal, discuter avec un client jabber, etc). J'estime (en tout cas c'est mon experience personnelle) qu'on commence par utiliser des extensions de la premiere categorie puis, au fur et a mesure de son apprentissage, on scholarships with no essay, se met a piocher dans des extensions de la seconde categorie car on ut austin mba essays, peut plus se passer d'Emacs et on catcher essay, aimerait tout faire The Emacs Way :) En ce qui concerne org-mode, je pense qu'il appartient aux deux categories. Ut Austin Mba Essays? Il enrichit immediatement son utilisation d'Emacs (prise de notes rapides, TO-DO list) et il permet de faire tellement de choses dans Emacs qu'il appartient egalement a la seconde (ecrire du latex, exporter en odt ou en pdf, tenir son blog, synchroniser sa to-do list sur son telephone, tenir son agenda, et tellement d'autres choses). Scholarships? Ce doit etre une des raisons pour lesquelles je le trouve si deroutant.
[^] # Re: Mes incontournables, que dis-je, mes indispensables. Poste par hocwp (page perso) le 16/10/14 a 23:16 . Ut Austin Mba Essays? Evalue a 2 . C'est une tuerie ce eev. Concerning Human Understanding Rasa? Merci pour la decouverte ! [^] # Re: Mes incontournables, que dis-je, mes indispensables. generalement j'utilise une infime partie du systeme a tel point que tous les 4 matins, je retourne poser des questions de beotiens sur la facon de faire tel ou tel truc. En fait, tout comme org-mode, il faut demarrer petitement et au fur et a mesure, les besoins augmentent et on mba essays, triture d'autres pans de cette magnifique extension. Aujourd'hui j'estime ne pas utiliser plus de 40% de GNU lev et pourtant, depuis la rentree que je suis reparti integralement dessus, il me permet de bosser tout le temps avec. In The Rye Language? Excellent complement a org-mode au passage.
[^] # Re: Mes incontournables, que dis-je, mes indispensables. J'ai passe une partie du WE (enfin, ce que mes enfants me laissent en temps…) a lire des trucs sur eev. Je trouve ca assez captivant, mais le createur du bouzin n'est pas tres doue en communication, j'ai ete assez decu par le doc principal et les videos, j'ai eu du mal a rentrer dedans. En outre, si j'ai bien compris, il bosse sur eev2 et les dernieres news remontent a 2012. Du coup, je ne sais pas trop si ca vaut le coup de s'investir dans la version precedente, s'il y a beaucoup de differences entre les deux, etc. Tu as des URL interessantes sur cette extension ? [^] # Re: Mes incontournables, que dis-je, mes indispensables. Par contre, j'ai horreur des bidules type auto-complete, yasnippet et compagnie. Si tu n'expliques pas ce que tu leur reproches, je ne vois pas l'interet d'en parler.
[^] # Re: Mes incontournables, que dis-je, mes indispensables. Je leur reproche tout simplement de se mettre dans mes pattes. Ut Austin? Je prefere tout taper, peut m'importe d'etre plus lent que le systeme, plutot qu'une aide exterieure n'aliene ma facon de travailler :) Je souhaite simplement taper les caracteres un a un sans me demander si un de ces caracteres ne va pas declencher un truc incontrolable (de mon point de vue) et imprevu qui va me faire crier. Scholarships With No Essay? Le truc genre, tu tapes une ( et le machin t'en cogne une en plus pour equilibrer sauf que tu tapes aussi machinalement la parenthese fermante ce qui t'en fait 2 et bien sur, tu ne parviens pas supprimer simplement le doublon.
Certains pourront dire que je ne maitrise pas mon affaire, il y a du vrai la dedans. Ut Austin? Je ne doute pas que ces extensions ont forcement fait des efforts pour s'accommoder de ces situations et ont fait des progres mais je ne veux pas retourner faire le test :D. Au pire, j'utilise abbrev-mode pour quelques raccourcis que je maitrise et que je ne souhaite pas taper d'une autre maniere mais c'est en gros tout ce que j'arrive a tolerer ;) Affaire de gout tout simplement. [^] # Re: Mes incontournables, que dis-je, mes indispensables. Ok, je te remercie de cette reponse complete. Perso, avec yasnippet, et d'ailleurs d'autres extensions d'emacs, je suis confronte a une forme d'Alzheimer, je les trouve vachement pratiques, mais j'ai au bout d'un moment tendance a les oublier et a faire sans :( Plutot que d'utiliser la fonction ido-recentf-open, je trouve plus pratique de faire (setq ido-use-virtual-buffers t), qui permet que lorsqu'on fait C-x b pour changer de buffer, il indique egalement les fichiers recemments fermes. Scholarships No Essay Required? Comme ca, inutile de se demander si le buffer est ouvert ou non. http://l-lang.org/ - Conception du langage L.
Poste par SChauveau le 15/10/14 a 15:52 . Ut Austin Mba Essays? Evalue a 2 . Pour occur, grep, compile et bien d'autres modes, les commandes previous-error et next-error permettent de se deplacer facilement d'une ligne a l'autre en chargeant automatiquement le fichier ou le buffer concerne. Ces commandes sont deja mappees sur M-g p et M-g n mais personnellement je les met aussi sur F11 et F12. (global-set-key [f11] 'previous-error) (global-set-key [f12] 'next-error) Poste par Goffi (page perso) le 15/10/14 a 17:13 . Book Symbols? Evalue a 4 . gestionnaire de paquet: Vundle. Buffers: bufexplorer, probablement pas aussi puissant que ce dont on ut austin mba essays, parle ici. snippets: UltiSnips (tres pratque) completion: YouCompleteMe (qui complete sans avoir besoin de toucher quoi que ce soit, on book symbols, valide avec [tab]), tres pratique aussi. Ut Austin? Il integre notamment Jedi pour Python. Paper Note? La capture animee ici vous permettra de comprendre mieux: https://valloric.github.io/YouCompleteMe/ a utiliser avec Syntastic qui valide la syntaxe dans de nombreux langages. et en bonus le plugin DrawIt permet de faire de zolis dessins ASCII dans vos READMEs. Poste par BAud (page perso) le 15/10/14 a 21:52 . Ut Austin? Evalue a 1 . et en bonus le plugin DrawIt permet de faire de zolis dessins ASCII dans vos READMEs. on pouvait deja inclure le resultat de cowsay aussi ! Il y a tout cela et bien plus dans GNU emacs ;)
On peut meme faire entrer tout et n'importe quoi dans un buffer: M-x shell-command RET RET. (je suppose que vim offre un peu le meme genre de service) Poste par BAud (page perso) le 16/10/14 a 00:16 . Note Taking? Evalue a 2 . (je suppose que vim offre un peu le meme genre de service) bin vi n'est qu'un editeur de texte et oui, il propose ce genre de service, ce serait bien qu'Emacs ne soit pas qu'un OS et propose un jour un editeur de texte (compatible vi de preference). o_O tu n'as jamais utilise vi ? c'est a des annees-lumiere de Emacs (bon, en realite, c'est installe par defaut et ca suffit pour editer les fichiers de conf' sur les serveurs), emacs aurait permis de deployer une modif' sur tous les serveurs impactes par l'optimisation de conf' (mais ce n'est pas l'objet de vi). Tu le fais expres ou tu n'as pas compris qu'emacs est l'OS ultime et propose deja tout ? (en donnant des exemples indispensables, la ou vi n'est qu'un editeur de texte et qu'un jour emacs en aura aussi un ?). Poste par grim7reaper le 16/10/14 a 08:46 . Ut Austin? Evalue a 1 . Catcher In The Rye Language? Derniere modification le 16/10/14 a 08:46. ce serait bien qu'Emacs ne soit pas qu'un OS et propose un jour un editeur de texte (compatible vi de preference). Tu veux dire comme avec Alt-x evil-mode RET ? Poste par BlueDian le 15/10/14 a 17:46 . Ut Austin? Evalue a 2 . Bravo pour ce texte ! Joli exploit d'avoir aussi bien resume ces differentes extensions.
J'attends avec impatience la suite, dont le formidable org-mode (pas simple a synthetiser, rien que sur babel, il y a de quoi faire ;-) ). Note : les commentaires appartiennent a ceux qui les ont postes. With? Nous n'en sommes pas responsables.
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Add a citation and create a bibliography. Before you can create a bibliography you need to have at least one citation and source in your document that will appear in ut austin your bibliography. If you don't have all of the information that you need about a source to create a complete citation, you can use a placeholder citation, and then complete the source information later. Twelfth Night True. Note: Placeholder citations do not appear in the bibliography. Add a new citation and source to a document.
On the mba essays, References tab, in research taking the Citations Bibliography group, click the ut austin, arrow next to Style . Click the style that you want to use for the citation and essay source. For example, social sciences documents usually use the MLA or APA styles for citations and sources. Click at the end of the sentence or phrase that you want to ut austin mba essays, cite. On the References tab, in book symbols the Citations Bibliography group, click Insert Citation . Ut Austin. Do one of the following: To add the source information, click Add New Source , then begin to fill in the source information by clicking the arrow next to Type of source . For example, your source might be a book, a report, or a Web site. To add a placeholder, so that you can create a citation and fill in the source information later, click Add New Placeholder . A question mark appears next to concerning, placeholder sources in Source Manager. Fill in the bibliography information for the source. To add more information about a source, click the mba essays, Show All Bibliography Fields check box. Now you can create your bibliography.
If you choose a GOST or ISO 690 style for your sources and a citation is research not unique, append an alphabetic character to the year. For example, a citation would appear as [Pasteur, 1848a]. If you choose ISO 690-Numerical Reference and your citations still don't appear consecutively, you must click the ISO 690 style again, and then press ENTER to correctly order the citations. Add additional citations from ut austin, a previously used source. Book Symbols. You can easily access citations you added previously.
In fact, you can reuse them throughout your document. It's simple. Place the cursor where you want to mba essays, insert a citation, and click References Insert Citation . Find the citation by the Author or Tag name , and select the citation. Tip: You can insert a placeholder if you need to look up a citation later. Click References Insert Citation . Click Add New Placeholder , and create a unique Tag name . Find the Placeholder in your content, and click the text to Edit Source details. Now that you’ve inserted one or more citations and sources in your document you can create your bibliography. Click where you want to insert a bibliography, usually at the end of the document. On the twelfth true love, References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Bibliography . Ut Austin. Click a predesigned bibliography format to insert the bibliography into the document. The list of sources that you use can become quite long. At times you might search for a source that you cited in another document by using the Manage Sources command.
On the References tab, in the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . Scholarships With Required. If you open a new document that does not yet contain citations, all of the sources that you used in ut austin previous documents appear under Master List . What Of A Thesis For A Rhetorical Analysis. If you open a document that includes citations, the sources for those citations appear under Current List . All the sources that you have cited, either in previous documents or in mba essays the current document, appear under Master List . To find a specific source, do one of the following: In the twelfth true love essay, sorting box, sort by author, title, citation tag name, or year, and mba essays then search the resulting list for the source that you want to find. In the twelfth night love, Search box, type the title or author for the source that you want to find. Mba Essays. The list dynamically narrows to match your search term. Note: You can click the Browse button in Source Manager to select another master list from which you can import new sources into your document. For example, you might connect to a file on a shared server, on a research colleague's computer or server, or on a Web site that is hosted by a university or research institution. On the References tab, in catcher in the rye language essay the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . In the Source Manager dialog box, under Master List or Current List , select the source you want to edit, and then click Edit . Note: To edit a placeholder to add citation information, select the placeholder from mba essays, Current List and click Edit . Twelfth True Essay. In the Edit Source dialog box, make the changes you want and click OK . Occasionally, you may want to ut austin mba essays, create a placeholder citation, and then wait until later to paper note, fill in the complete bibliography source information. Any changes that you make to a source are automatically reflected in the bibliography, if you have already created one. A question mark appears next to placeholder sources in Source Manager. On the References tab, in ut austin the Citations Bibliography group, click Manage Sources . Scholarships No Essay. Under Current List , click the placeholder that you want to edit. Note: Placeholder sources are alphabetized in Source Manager, along with all other sources, based on the placeholder tag name.
By default, placeholder tag names contain the word Placeholder and a number, but you can customize the placeholder tag name with whatever tag you want. Ut Austin. Begin to fill in concerning the source information by clicking the arrow next to Type of source . Ut Austin. For example, your source might be a book, a report, or a Web site. Fill in the bibliography information for the source. To add more information about a source, click the Show All Bibliography Fields check box.
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. The personal statement might just be the hardest part of your college application. Mostly this is because it has the ut austin least guidance and is the most open-ended. One way to understand what colleges are looking for when they ask you to write an essay is to check out the essays of students who already got in—college essays that actually worked. After all, they must be among the most successful of with no essay required, this weird literary genre. In this article, I’ll go through general guidelines for what makes great college essays great. I've also compiled an mba essays, enormous list of 100+ actual sample college essays from 13 different schools. Book Symbols? Finally, I’ll break down two of these published college essay examples and explain why and how they work.
With links to 125 full essays and essay excerpts , this article will be a great resource for learning how to craft your own personal college admissions essay! What Excellent College Essays Have in Common. Even though in many ways these sample college essays are very different from one other, they do share some traits you should try to emulate as you write your own essay. Building out from ut austin, a narrow, concrete focus. You’ll see a similar structure in research paper note, many of the essays. The author starts with a very detailed story of an event or description of a person or place. After this sense-heavy imagery, the essay expands out to make a broader point about the author, and connects this very memorable experience to ut austin mba essays the author’s present situation, state of mind, newfound understanding, or maturity level. Knowing how to tell a story. Book Symbols? Some of the experiences in these essays are one-of-a-kind. But most deal with the ut austin mba essays stuff of everyday life.
What sets them apart is the way the what is the goal of a thesis for a rhetorical analysis author approaches the topic: analyzing it for drama and humor, for its moving qualities, for what it says about the author’s world, and for how it connects to the author’s emotional life. A killer first sentence. You’ve heard it before, and you’ll hear it again: you have to suck the reader in, and the best place to ut austin do that is the first sentence. Great first sentences are punchy. They are like cliffhangers, setting up an exciting scene or an unusual situation with an unclear conclusion, in order to no essay make the reader want to mba essays know more. Don’t take my word for it—check out catcher rye language these 22 first sentences from Stanford applicants and tell me you don’t want to ut austin read the rest of those essays to no essay find out what happens! A lively, individual voice. Writing is for readers. Ut Austin? In this case, your reader is an concerning tabula, admissions officer who has read thousands of ut austin mba essays, essays before yours, and will read thousands after. With No Essay? Your goal?
Don’t bore your reader. Use interesting description, stay away from cliches, include your own offbeat observations—anything that makes this essay sounds like you and not like anyone else. Enchanted Prince Stan decided to stay away from any frog-kissing princesses to retain his unique perspective on ruling as an amphibian. Technical correctness. No spelling mistakes, no grammar weirdness, no syntax issues, no punctuation snafus—each of these sample college essays has been formatted and proofread perfectly. Ut Austin Mba Essays? If this kind of exactness is not your strong suit, you’re in luck! All colleges advise applicants to have their essays looked over several times by parents, teachers, mentors, and anyone else who can spot a comma splice.
Your essay must be your own work, but there is absolutely nothing wrong with getting help polishing it. Links to Full College Essay Examples. Some colleges publish a selection of their favorite accepted college essays that worked, and I've put together a selection of over book symbols, 100 of ut austin mba essays, these (plus some essay excerpts!). Please note that some of these college essay examples may be responding to prompts that are no longer in use. The current Common App prompts are as follows:
1. Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. Rye Language? If this sounds like you, then please share your story. 7. Share an essay on any topic of your choice. It can be one you've already written, one that responds to ut austin a different prompt, or one of your own design. These essays are answers to past prompts from either the Common Application or the Universal Application, both of which Johns Hopkins accepts. Essay Examples Published by Other Websites.
7 Common Application essays from true, applicants admitted to Stanford, Duke, Connecticut College, NYU, Carleton College, Washington University, and the University of Pennsylvania 2 Common Application essays (1st essay, 2nd essay) from applicants admitted to ut austin mba essays Columbia. Here is a smaller collection of essays that are college-specific, plus 22 essay excerpts that will add fuel to your essay-writing fire. The University of Chicago is well known for its off-the-wall, often wacky supplementary essay prompts. These seven sample essays respond to a variety of thought-provoking questions. Sometimes it's helpful to see how others managed to essay concerning tabula get over ut austin mba essays, the difficult first-line hump. We're guessing all these monkeys would write different first sentences. Analyzing Great Common App Essays that Worked. I've picked out two essays from the examples collected above to examine in more depth so that you can know exactly what makes a successful college essay work. Full credit for is the goal of a statement for a analysis these essays goes to the original authors and the schools that published them.
Example #1: Breaking Into Cars, by Stephen, Johns Hopkins Class of ut austin, '19 (Common App Essay, 636 words long) I had never broken into a car before. We were in Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for Humanity work site. Book Symbols? The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the ut austin mba essays college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the van. Someone picked a coat hanger out book symbols of the dumpster, handed it to ut austin mba essays me, and locke essay concerning human understanding tabula rasa, took a few steps back. “Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to mba essays unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. More out of amusement than optimism, I gave it a try.
I slid the hanger into the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the inside of the frame. Twelfth True Love Essay? Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the lock on the door. Mba Essays? (I actually succeeded in true, springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. In fact, I’d been born into this type of situation. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and chaos. Ut Austin? With a family of no essay, seven, my home was loud, messy, and spottily supervised. My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the time.
When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. At the age of nine, I learned how to clear burning oil from the surface of mba essays, water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. “The water’s on fire! Clear a hole!” he shouted, tossing me in book symbols, the lake without warning. While I’m still unconvinced about that particular lesson’s practicality, my Dad’s overarching message is ut austin mba essays unequivocally true: much of true, life is unexpected, and you have to deal with the twists and turns. Living in ut austin mba essays, my family, days rarely unfolded as planned. A bit overlooked, a little pushed around, I learned to roll with reality, negotiate a quick deal, and give the research paper note improbable a try.
I don’t sweat the small stuff, and I definitely don’t expect perfect fairness. So what if our dining room table only has six chairs for seven people? Someone learns the importance of punctuality every night. But more than punctuality and a special affinity for musical chairs, my family life has taught me to mba essays thrive in essay concerning understanding, situations over which I have no power. Ut Austin? Growing up, I never controlled my older siblings, but I learned how to thwart their attempts to control me.
I forged alliances, and realigned them as necessary. Sometimes, I was the poor, defenseless little brother; sometimes I was the omniscient elder. Book Symbols? Different things to ut austin different people, as the situation demanded. Thesis Statement For A Rhetorical? I learned to adapt. Back then, these techniques were merely reactions undertaken to ensure my survival. But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on ut austin, throughout the year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in taking, the company of ut austin mba essays, people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the question posed to me in Laredo. Then, I realized I knew the answer. I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to me.
Growing up as the middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in a thing I did not govern, in the company of research note, people I did not choose. It’s family. It’s society. Mba Essays? And often, it’s chaos. You participate by in the rye language letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and ut austin mba essays, perfection, and facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and with no essay, preparedness.
My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. It's very helpful to take writing apart in order to see just how it accomplishes its objectives. Stephen's essay is very effective. Let's find out why! An Opening Line That Draws You In. I had never broken into a car before.
In just eight words, we get: scene-setting (he is standing next to a car about to break in), the idea of crossing a boundary (he is maybe about to ut austin mba essays do an illegal thing for the first time), and a cliffhanger (we are thinking: is he going to get caught? Is he headed for a life of crime? Is he about to be scared straight?). We were in book symbols, Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for Humanity work site. The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the van. Someone picked a coat hanger out of the dumpster, handed it to ut austin mba essays me, and took a few steps back. “Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. More out of amusement than optimism, I gave it a try.
I slid the hanger into the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the inside of the frame. It’s the details that really make this small experience come alive. Notice how whenever he can, Stephen uses a more specific, descriptive word in place of a more generic one. The volunteers aren’t going to get food or dinner; they’re going for “Texas BBQ.” The coat hanger comes from book symbols, “a dumpster.” Stephen doesn’t just move the coat hanger—he “jiggles” it. Details also help us visualize the ut austin emotions of the people in the scene.
The person who hands Stephen the coat hanger isn’t just uncomfortable or nervous; he “takes a few steps back”—a description of movement that conveys feelings. Finally, the detail of actual speech makes the twelfth true scene pop. Ut Austin? Instead of writing that the other guy asked him to twelfth night true unlock the van, Stephen has the ut austin guy actually say his own words in a way that sounds like a teenager talking. Coat hangers: not just for crows' nests any more! (Gotz/Wikimedia) Turning a Specific Incident Into a Deeper Insight. Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the lock on the door. (I actually succeeded in springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. In fact, I’d been born into this type of scholarships no essay required, situation.
Not only does Stephen make the locked car experience a meaningful illustration of how he has learned to be resourceful and ready for anything, but he also makes this turn from the specific to the broad through an elegant play on the two meanings of the word “click.” Using Concrete Examples When Making Abstract Claims. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and chaos. With a family of seven, my home was loud, messy, and ut austin mba essays, spottily supervised. Paper Taking? My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. “Unpredictability and chaos” are very abstract, not easily visualized concepts. Ut Austin? Not only that, but they could mean any number of things—violence, abandonment, poverty, mental instability. By instantly following up with highly finite and unambiguous illustrations like “family of twelfth essay, seven” and “siblings arguing, the dog barking, the ut austin mba essays phone ringing,” Stephen grounds the abstraction in something that is in the essay easy to picture: a large, noisy family. Using Small Bits of ut austin mba essays, Humor and Casual Word Choice. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the time. When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant.
At the age of nine, I learned how to in the rye language clear burning oil from the surface of water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in ut austin mba essays, case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. Obviously, knowing how to clean burning oil is not high on the list of things every 9-year-old needs to know. To emphasize this, Stephen uses sarcasm by love essay bringing up a situation that is clearly over-the-top: “in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed.” The humor also feels relaxed. Part of this is because he introduces it with the colloquial phrase “you know,” so it sounds like he is talking to us in person. This approach also diffuses the potential discomfort of the mba essays reader with his father’s strictness—since he is making jokes about it, clearly he is OK.
Notice, though, that this doesn’t occur very much in the essay. This helps keep the tone meaningful and serious rather than flippant. Mr. In The Essay? President? There's been an oil spill! Then I want our best elementary school students on it, STAT. An Ending That Stretches the ut austin Insight Into the Future. But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on throughout the year: “How can I participate in is the goal of a thesis for a rhetorical, a thing I do not govern, in the company of people I did not choose?”
The question caught me off guard, much like the ut austin question posed to me in Laredo. Then, I realized I knew the answer. I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to me. Growing up as the middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in a thing I did not govern, in the company of people I did not choose. It’s family.
It’s society. And often, it’s chaos. Twelfth Night Love Essay? You participate by letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and mba essays, perfection, and facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness. My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. The ending of the twelfth essay essay reveals that Stephen’s life has been one long preparation for the future.
He has emerged from chaos and his dad’s approach to parenting as a person who can thrive in a world that he can’t control. This connection of past experience to ut austin current maturity and self-knowledge is a key element in all successful personal essays. Colleges are very much looking for with required mature, self-aware applicants. These are the qualities of mba essays, successful college students, who will be able to navigate the independence college classes require and what goal thesis rhetorical analysis, the responsibility and quasi-adulthood of college life. What Could This Essay Do Even Better? Even the mba essays best essays aren't perfect, and even the world's greatest writers will tell you that writing is never finished—just due. So what would we tweak in book symbols, this essay if we could? Replace some of the cliched language.
Stephen uses handy phrases like twists and turns and mba essays, don’t sweat the small stuff as a kind of shorthand for explaining his relationship to chaos and unpredictability. But using too many of these ready-made expressions runs the risk of clouding out your own voice and replacing it with something expected and boring. Use another example from what is the goal for a rhetorical, recent life. Stephen's first example (breaking into the van in Laredo) is ut austin a great illustration of being resourceful in an unexpected situation. But his essay also emphasizes that he learned to research adapt by ut austin mba essays being different things to different people. It would be great to see how this plays out outside his family, either in the situation in what is the goal of a statement, Laredo or another context. Example #2: By Bridget Collins, Tufts Class of '19 (Common App Essay, 608 words long) I have always loved riding in cars. After a long day in mba essays, first grade, I used to fall asleep to the engine purring in my mother's Honda Odyssey, even though it was only a 5-minute drive home. Essay Understanding Rasa? As I grew, and graduated into the shotgun seat, it became natural and enjoyable to look out the window.
Seeing my world passing by through that smudged glass, I would daydream what I could do with it. In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the mba essays World. While I sat in essay concerning understanding tabula, the car and ut austin, watched the miles pass by, I developed the plan for my empire. I reasoned that, for the world to run smoothly, it would have to look presentable. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to fix everything that needed fixing. That old man down the street with chipping paint on scholarships, his house would have a fresh coat in no time. The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto ut austin mba essays the roof of the school would get it back. In The Rye Language Essay? The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on the way to school would be filled-in.
It made perfect sense! All the mba essays people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. Night? I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Seven years down the road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and ut austin mba essays, think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the driver's seat. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in book symbols, my car ride imaginings. Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt.
Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. Bridget the ut austin Fixer-Upper will be slightly different than the imaginary one who paints houses and note, fetches Frisbees. I was lucky enough to discover what I am passionate about when I was a freshman in high school. A self-admitted Phys. Ed. addict, I volunteered to help out with the Adapted PE class. On my first day, I learned that it was for developmentally-disabled students. To be honest, I was really nervous. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to handle myself around them. Long story short, I got hooked. Three years have passed helping out in mba essays, APE and eventually becoming a teacher in the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program.
I love working with the students and watching them progress. When senior year arrived, college meetings began, and my counselor asked me what I wanted to scholarships no essay required do for a career, I didn't say Emperor of the World. Instead, I told him I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for students with autism and other disabilities. Basically, I would get to do what I love for the rest of my life. He laughed and told me that it was a nice change that a seventeen-year-old knew so specifically what she wanted to do. Ut Austin Mba Essays? I smiled, thanked him, and left.
But it occurred to research note me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper. So, maybe I'll be like Sue Storm and ut austin mba essays, her alter-ego, the Invisible Woman. I'll do one thing during the day, then spend my off-hours helping people where I can. Instead of flying like Sue, though, I'll opt for a nice performance automobile. Scholarships No Essay? My childhood self would appreciate that. Bridget takes a somewhat different approach than Stephen, but her essay is just as detailed and ut austin, engaging.
Let's go through some of the strengths of her essay. A Structure That’s Easy to Follow and Understand. The essay is what is the of a thesis for a arranged chronologically. Bridget starts each paragraph with a clear signpost of ut austin, where we are in time: Paragraph 1: “after a long day in first grade” Paragraph 2: “in elementary school” Paragraph 3: “seven years down the road” Paragraph 4: “when I was a freshman in love, high school” Paragraph 5: “when senior year arrived” This keeps the reader oriented without being distracting or gimmicky. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to fix everything that needed fixing. That old man down the street with chipping paint on his house would have a fresh coat in no time.
The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the school would get it back. Seven years down the mba essays road, I still take a second glance at research note taking the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the ut austin mba essays driver's seat. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to catcher rye language remain in mba essays, my car ride imaginings. Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt. Is The Goal Of A Thesis Rhetorical Analysis? Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for students with autism and other disabilities.
Basically, I would get to do what I love for the rest of mba essays, my life. …But it occurred to me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper. What makes this essay fun to what of a for a rhetorical read is that Bridget takes a child’s idea of a world made better through quasi-magical helpers and ut austin, turns it into a metaphor for the author’s future aspirations. It helps that the metaphor is a very clear one: people who work with students with disabilities are making the essay human understanding tabula rasa world better one abstract fix at a time, just like imaginary Fixer-Uppers would make the world better one concrete physical fix at a time. Every childhood Fixer-Upper ever. Ask your parents to explain the back row to you. Ut Austin Mba Essays? (JD Hancock/Flickr)
This essay uses many techniques that make Bridget sound genuine and make the reader feel like we already know her. Technique #1: humor. Notice Bridget's gentle and relaxed humor that lightly mocks her younger self’s grand ambitions (this is different from the book symbols more sarcastic kind of humor used by Stephen in ut austin, the first essay—you could never mistake one writer for human understanding tabula rasa the other). In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the World. I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Technique #2: invented terminology. The second technique is the mba essays way Bridget coins her own terms, carrying them through the whole essay. Is The For A Rhetorical Analysis? It would be easy enough to simply describe the people she imagined in childhood as helpers or assistants, and to simply say that as a child she wanted to rule the world. Instead, she invents the capitalized (and thus official-sounding) titles “Fixer-Upper” and “Emperor of the World,” making these childish conceits at mba essays once charming and scholarships with no essay, iconic.
What's also key is that the mba essays titles feed into the central metaphor of the essay, which keeps them from sounding like strange quirks that don’t go anywhere. Technique #3: playing with syntax. The third technique is to use sentences of book symbols, varying length, syntax, and structure. Most of the essay's written in standard English and uses grammatically correct sentences. However, at key moments, Bridget emphasizes that the reader needs to ut austin mba essays sit up and pay attention by switching to short, colloquial, differently punctuated, and sometimes fragmented sentences. The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on the way to school would be filled-in. Essay Concerning Tabula? It made perfect sense! All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. When she is narrating her childhood thought process, the sudden short sentence “It made perfect sense!” (especially its exclamation point) is ut austin basically the essay version of drawing a light bulb turning on over someone’s head.
As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the book symbols World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in mba essays, my car ride imaginings. Or do they? Similarly, when the essay turns from her childhood imagination to paper taking her present-day aspirations, the turn is marked with “Or do they?”—a tiny and arresting half-sentence question. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Ut Austin Mba Essays? Maybe it could be me. The first time when the comparison between magical fixer-upper’s and the future disability specialist is twelfth night true made is when Bridget turns her metaphor onto ut austin herself. The essay emphasizes the importance of the moment through repetition (two sentences structured similarly, both starting with the word “maybe”) and book symbols, the use of a very short sentence: “Maybe it could be me.” To be honest, I was really nervous. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to handle myself around them. Long story short, I got hooked.
The last key moment that gets the small-sentence treatment is the emotional crux of the essay. As we watch Bridget go from nervously trying to help disabled students to falling in mba essays, love with this specialty field, she undercuts the potential sappiness of the catcher rye language moment by ut austin mba essays relying on note taking, changed-up sentence length and slang: “Long story short, I got hooked.” The best essays convey emotions just as clearly as this image. What Could This Essay Do Even Better? Bridget's essay is very strong, but there are still a few little things that could be improved. Explain the ut austin car connection better.
The essay begins and ends with Bridget's enjoying a car ride, but this doesn't seem to be related either to the Fixer-Upper idea or to paper her passion for working with special-needs students. Mba Essays? It would be great to either connect this into catcher essay the essay more, or to ut austin mba essays take it out book symbols altogether and create more space for something else. Give more details about ut austin mba essays being a teacher in the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. It makes perfect sense that Bridget doesn't want to put her students on display. It would take the focus off of her and possibly read as offensive or condescending.
But, rather than saying long story short, maybe she could elaborate on her own feelings here a bit more. What is it about this kind of teaching that she loves? What is is the goal of a for a she hoping to bring to the lives of her future clients? 3 Essential Tips for Writing Your Own Essay. How can you use this discussion to better your own college essay?
Here are some suggestions for ut austin ways to use this resource effectively. #1: Take Apart the with required Other Essays in the Links. As you go through the essays we've compiled for you above, ask yourself the following questions: Can you explain to yourself (or someone else!) why the opening sentence works well? Look for the essay's detailed personal anecdote. What senses is the author describing? Can you easily picture the scene in your mind's eye? Find the ut austin place where this anecdote bridges into in the a larger insight about the author. How does the ut austin mba essays essay connect the two? How does the anecdote work as an example of the author's characteristic, trait, or skill? Check out the essay's tone.
If it's funny, can you find the places where the humor comes from? If it's sad and moving, can you find the imagery and research, description of feelings that make you moved? If it's serious, can you see how word choice adds to this tone? When you figure out how all the ut austin mba essays cogs fit together, you'll be able to build your own . um . whatever this is. All of book symbols, these essays rely on connecting with the reader through a heartfelt, highly descriptive scene from the ut austin author's life. It can either be very dramatic (did you survive a plane crash?) or it can be completely mundane (did you finally beat your dad at Scrabble?).
Either way, it should be personal and is the thesis rhetorical analysis, revealing about you, your personality, and the way you are now that you are entering the adult world. Let me level with you: the ut austin best writing isn't writing at all. It's rewriting. And in order to what goal thesis rhetorical analysis have time to mba essays rewrite, you have to start way before the application deadline. My advice is to write your first draft at least two months before your applications are due. Let it sit for a few days untouched. Then come back to it with fresh eyes and think critically about what you've written.
What's extra? What's missing? What is in the wrong place? What doesn't make sense? Don't be afraid to take it apart and locke essay human tabula rasa, rearrange sections. Do this several times over, and your essay will be much better for it! Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for mba essays each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at locke essay understanding rasa improving your score.
Download it for ut austin mba essays free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Anna scored in taking, the 99th percentile on her SATs in high school, and mba essays, went on to major in English at Princeton and to get her doctorate in English Literature at Columbia. She is passionate about improving student access to higher education. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on twelfth night true essay, all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply!
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I Was a Starter Wife: Inside America's Messiest Divorce. In the middle of her headline-grabbing divorce settlement from Elon Musk, Justine Musk reveals the truth about her marriage to the multimillionaire cofounder of mba essays PayPal, Tesla Motors, and SpaceX. In the book symbols, late spring of 2008, my wealthy entrepreneurial husband, Elon Musk, the mba essays, father of book symbols my five young sons, filed for ut austin mba essays divorce. Six weeks later, he texted me to say he was engaged to a gorgeous British actress in her early 20s who had moved to Los Angeles to be with him. Her name is Talulah Riley, and catcher she played one of the sisters in 2005's Pride and Prejudice . Two of the things that struck me were: a) Pride and ut austin Prejudice is a really good movie, and b) My life with this man had devolved to a cliche. At least she wasn't blonde. Goal For A Analysis? I found that refreshing. When I first met Elon, I wasn't blonde, either.
I was an ut austin mba essays aspiring writer in my first year at Queen's University in Ontario, Canada, sprung from a small hometown and twelfth true love essay recovering from a difficult case of first love with the older man I'd left behind. Ut Austin? I liked older. Taking? I liked poetic and rebellious and tortured . Ut Austin Mba Essays? I liked a guy who parked his motorcycle beneath my dorm-room window and of a analysis called my name through the twilight: Romeo in a dark-brown leather jacket. Elon wasn't like that. A fellow student a year ahead of me, he was a clean-cut, upper-class boy with a South African accent who appeared in mba essays, front of me one afternoon as I was leaping up the steps to my dorm.
He said we'd met at a party I knew I hadn't been to. (Years later, he would confess that he had noticed me from across the common room and decided he wanted to meet me.) He invited me out for ice cream. I said yes, but then blew him off with a note on my dorm-room door. Several hours later, my head bent over my Spanish text in an overheated room in the student center, I heard a polite cough behind me. Elon was smiling awkwardly, two chocolate-chip ice cream cones dripping down his hands. He's not a man who takes no for an answer. Elon's wealth seemed abstract and unreal, a string of zeros that existed in some strange space of its own. He was a scientific type, at home with numbers, commerce, and logic. I was not the twelfth night, only woman he pursued, but even after he transferred to Wharton he kept sending roses. Ut Austin? When he'd return to book symbols Queen's to visit friends, I found myself agreeing to have dinner with him.
Once, in the bookstore together, I pointed to a shelf and said, One day I want my own books to go right there. I had said this before to a girlfriend, who laughed and spun on her heel. Mba Essays? But Elon not only with, took me seriously, he seemed impressed. Mba Essays? It was the first time that a boy found my sense of note ambition — instead of my long hair or narrow waist — attractive. Previous boyfriends complained that I was competitive, but Elon said I had a fire in my soul.
When he told me, I see myself in you, I knew what he meant. After I graduated, I taught ESL in ut austin mba essays, Japan for a year — Elon and I had by then gone our separate ways. Back in Canada I took a bartending job, worked on my novel, and debated whether to book symbols go back to Japan or to grad school. One night I heard myself tell my sister, If Elon ever calls me again, I think I'll go for it. I might have missed something there. He called me one week later. After graduation, he'd moved to Silicon Valley.
He was sharing an apartment in Mountain View with three roommates and building his first dot-com company, Zip2. Ut Austin Mba Essays? I soon flew out for the first of many visits. One night, over dinner, he asked me how many kids I wanted to have. One or two, I said immediately, although if I could afford nannies, I'd like to goal rhetorical analysis have four. He laughed.
That's the difference between you and me, he said. I just assume that there will be nannies. He made a rocking motion with his arms and said, happily, Baby. Then he took me to ut austin a bookstore and handed me his credit card. Buy as many books as you want, he said. Thesis Statement Rhetorical Analysis? No man could have said anything sweeter.
Two years later — two months before our January 2000 wedding — Elon told me we had an appointment with a lawyer who was going to help us with a financial agreement that the ut austin mba essays, board of his new company wanted us to sign. When I looked at him, he said quickly, It's not a prenup. Although I'd been dating a struggling 20-something entrepreneur, I was now engaged to a wealthy one. Elon had sold Zip2, which partnered with newspapers to help them get online, in 1999, the year before, and was worth about $20 million overnight. He bought and renovated an is the goal of a for a 1,800-square-foot condo: We now had a place of our own. He also bought a million-dollar sports car — a McLaren F1 — and a small plane. Mba Essays? Our day-to-day routine remained the same (except for twelfth true essay the addition of flying lessons), and ut austin mba essays Elon's wealth seemed abstract and unreal, a string of zeros that existed in some strange space of its own. I made uneasy jokes that he was about to dump me for a supermodel.
Instead, he proposed, getting down on bended knee on a street corner. Most of his newfound fortune he rolled over into his second company, an online banking institution, X.com, that later became PayPal (the online payment company). It was this board that was supposedly urging him to twelfth get a financial agreement. What I didn't understand at the time was that Elon was actually ushering me into a period of mediation, which, I now know, means anything done or spoken is confidential and cannot be used in a court of law. But I had no time to mba essays research mediation, or learn that it rarely serves the interest of the less powerful person in twelfth night love essay, the relationship. Years later, I came to learn these things. But two months after our wedding, I simply signed the postnuptial agreement. Ut Austin? I trusted my husband — why else had I married him? — and I told myself it didn't matter. We were soul mates.
We would never get divorced. A life without Elon was unthinkable, something I'd realized a few months before he proposed, as we napped together one spring afternoon before a friend's wedding. With my arm slung across his chest, I felt that he was my own private Alexander the Great. Still, there were warning signs. As we danced at of a thesis statement, our wedding reception, Elon told me, I am the alpha in this relationship.
I shrugged it off, just as I would later shrug off signing the ut austin mba essays, postnuptial agreement, but as time went on, I learned that he was serious. He had grown up in the male-dominated culture of South Africa, and the will to compete and book symbols dominate that made him so successful in business did not magically shut off when he came home. This, and the vast economic imbalance between us, meant that in the months following our wedding, a certain dynamic began to take hold. Elon's judgment overruled mine, and he was constantly remarking on the ways he found me lacking. Mba Essays? I am your wife, I told him repeatedly, not your employee. If you were my employee, he said just as often, I would fire you. By the time eBay bought PayPal in 2002, we had moved to Los Angeles and had our first child, a boy named Nevada Alexander. The sale of PayPal vaulted Elon's net worth to well over $100 million. Book Symbols? The same week, Nevada went down for a nap, placed on his back as always, and stopped breathing. He was 10 weeks old, the age when male infants are most susceptible to SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome). By the ut austin mba essays, time the paramedics resuscitated him, he had been deprived of oxygen for so long that he was brain-dead.
He spent three days on life support in locke concerning human tabula, a hospital in Orange County before we made the decision to take him off it. I held him in my arms when he died. Elon made it clear that he did not want to ut austin mba essays talk about catcher in the rye language essay Nevada's death. I didn't understand this, just as he didn't understand why I grieved openly, which he regarded as emotionally manipulative. I buried my feelings instead, coping with Nevada's death by ut austin, making my first visit to what is the goal thesis statement analysis an IVF clinic less than two months later. Elon and I planned to get pregnant again as swiftly as possible. Within the next five years, I gave birth to twins, then triplets, and I sold three novels to ut austin mba essays Penguin and Simon Schuster. Essay? Even so, Nevada's death sent me on a years-long inward spiral of depression and distraction that would be continuing today if one of our nannies hadn't noticed me struggling. She approached me with the name of an excellent therapist. Ut Austin? Dubious, I gave it a shot.
In those weekly sessions, I began to essay get perspective on what had become my life. 'If you were my employee,' he said just as often, 'I would fire you.' We were breathing rarefied air. Mba Essays? The first crowded apartment we'd shared in Mountain View seemed like ancient history from locke concerning understanding, our 6,000-square-foot house in the Bel Air hills. Married for ut austin mba essays seven years, we had a domestic staff of five; during the day our home transformed into a workplace. We went to black-tie fundraisers and got the best tables at elite Hollywood nightclubs, with Paris Hilton and Leonardo DiCaprio partying next to us. Book Symbols? When Google cofounder Larry Page got married on Richard Branson's private Caribbean island, we were there, hanging out in a villa with John Cusack and watching Bono pose with swarms of adoring women outside the ut austin mba essays, reception tent. When we traveled, we drove onto the airfield up to Elon's private jet, where a private flight attendant handed us champagne. I spent an afternoon walking around San Jose with Daryl Hannah, where she caused a commotion at in the rye language essay, Starbucks when the barista asked her name and ut austin she said, blithely, Daryl. It was a dream lifestyle, privileged and scholarships with no essay required surreal. But the ut austin mba essays, whirlwind of catcher in the rye language essay glitter couldn't disguise a growing void at the core.
Elon was obsessed with his work: When he was home, his mind was elsewhere. I longed for deep and heartfelt conversations, for intimacy and mba essays empathy. And while I sacrificed a normal family life for tabula rasa his career, Elon started to say that I read too much, shrugging off my book deadlines. This felt like a dismissal, and a stark reversal from the days when he was so supportive. Ut Austin? When we argued — over the house or the kids' sleeping schedule — my faults and flaws came under the microscope.
I felt insignificant in his eyes, and I began thinking about what effect our dynamic would have on our five young sons. In the spring of 2008, eight years after our wedding, a car accident served as my wake-up call. The moment of impact seemed suspended in locke essay tabula, time: The details of the other driver's face, looking at me in horror as she held a cell phone to her ear, were so clear it was like the ut austin, distance between us didn't exist. There was a crunch of metal as her car plowed into mine, and when we skidded to research taking a halt, my first thought wasn't, Thank God nobody's hurt. It was, My husband is going to kill me.
And in ut austin mba essays, my mind's eye, I could suddenly see myself: a woman who'd gotten very thin, and very blonde, stumbling out of a very expensive car with the front-left wheel smashed in. I barely recognized myself. I had turned into a trophy wife — and I sucked at it. Book Symbols? I wasn't detail-oriented enough to mba essays maintain a perfect house or be a perfect hostess. I could no longer hide my boredom when the men talked and the women smiled and listened.
I wasn't interested in Botox or makeup or reducing the appearance of the scars from book symbols, my C-sections. And no matter how many highlights I got, Elon pushed me to be blonder. Ut Austin? Go platinum, he kept saying, and I kept refusing. I had turned into a trophy wife — and I sucked at it. Not long after the accident, I sat on our bed with my knees pulled up to my chest and tears in human understanding tabula, my eyes. I told Elon, in a soft voice that was nonetheless filled with conviction, that I needed our life to change. I didn't want to be a sideline player in the multimillion-dollar spectacle of mba essays my husband's life.
I wanted equality. Rasa? I wanted partnership. Mba Essays? I wanted to love and true love essay be loved, the way we had before he made all his millions. Elon agreed to enter counseling, but he was running two companies and carrying a planet of mba essays stress. One month and three sessions later, he gave me an ultimatum: Either we fix this marriage today or I will divorce you tomorrow, by which I understood he meant, Our status quo works for me, so it should work for scholarships no essay you. He filed for divorce the next morning. I felt numb, but strangely relieved.
Eight years after I signed the postnup, I began to ut austin mba essays understand just what I'd done. I had effectively signed away all my rights as a married person, including any claim to book symbols community property except our house, which was to be vested in my name once we had a child. But my lawyer is presenting a legal theory that could render the postnup invalid. A postnup, unlike a prenup, requires a complete financial disclosure because of something called marital fiduciary duty: the obligation of one spouse to be honest and ut austin mba essays straightforward in financial dealings with the other. Around the catcher in the rye language, time we signed the agreement, Elon was involved in ut austin, a significant merger between X.com and no essay required a company called Confinity. Together, the mba essays, two became PayPal and raised the value of Elon's X.com stock by millions of dollars more than what he reported on the postnup. Whether this was deliberate or an oversight, according to goal thesis statement for a analysis my lawyer, it could render the ut austin, contract fraudulent, and thus invalid — if it weren't for the protection of mediation confidentiality. That period ended not when we left the research note taking, lawyer's office or when we got married, but only once we'd signed. The question that will determine the outcome of our divorce case, which has been winding its way through the California legal system for more than two years, is mba essays, a legal one: Should mediation confidentiality trump marital fiduciary duty, or vice versa? Two years after our separation, we ended up in court.
The judge ruled in Elon's favor, but stressed that the case was a long cause matter and essay tabula rasa immediately certified it for appeal. Ut Austin? Resolution is at least a year away. In the months after our separation, I dyed my hair dark and cut it. I also developed a friendship that gradually deepened into romance with a man I'd known casually for years. One night he took me to a reading of Eve Ensler's new play. This is paper taking, power-woman central, he said, as we watched Arianna Huffington hold court in the front row. As he pointed out other prominent women in the audience, I realized the mba essays, kind of catcher social world I'd been living in: The females who populated it were the young wives and girlfriends of ut austin mba essays wealthy men, or the personal assistants who catered to them.
Women disappeared after some point in their 30s, and catcher in the rye language essay any female ambition other than looking beautiful, shopping, and overseeing the domestic realm became an inconvenience. Being in that audience, watching that staged reading, I felt myself reclaim the ut austin mba essays, freedom to write my own life. Although I am estranged from Elon — when it comes to the children, I deal with his assistant — I don't regret my marriage. I've worked through some anger, both at Elon for locke essay understanding rendering me so disposable, and at mba essays, myself for night love buying into a fairy tale when I should have known better. But I will always respect the brilliant and visionary person that he is. I also can't regret the divorce (our case was bifurcated, which means that even though the property issues aren't settled, our marriage is ut austin, legally dead). What Goal Of A Thesis Statement For A Analysis? Elon and mba essays I share custody of the concerning human understanding tabula, children, who are thriving. I feel grounded now, and deeply grateful for ut austin my life. And something unexpected happened: Throughout the divorce proceedings, his fiancee and locke essay concerning human tabula I discovered we liked each other.
People were puzzled that I didn't want to poke chopsticks in ut austin, her eyeballs. It's kind of like a French movie, observed a friend, and true love I sent Talulah an e-mail: I would rather live out the French-movie version of things, in which the two women become friends and various philosophies are pondered, than the American version, in which one is ut austin, good and one is bad and there's a huge catfight sequence and someone gets thrown off a balcony. She responded, Let's do as the French do . She is, by scholarships required, all accounts, a lovely, bright, and very young person, and better fitted to my ex-husband's lifestyle and personality than I ever was. Although she had dark hair when she and Elon first met, she is ut austin mba essays, now blonder than I've ever been.